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Flashcards in Test Four Deck (161)
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1
Q

What are some things about good witches

A

Mid wives
Knew local plants
Everyone went to them

2
Q

What are some things about the bad witches

A

Used drugs on themselves

Poisoned people

3
Q

What is a night flight

A

Put medicine on broom insert them insed themselves

Chemicals make them feel like their flying but they just fell asleep

4
Q

When did the medicinal plants come about

A

Middle Ages

Usually oral traditions

5
Q

What is doctrine of signature

A

Rule of signature appearance found throughout history of world common everywhere

6
Q

Why did people think there were medicinal plants

A

God made everything
Give people clues
Look at the anatomy of plants and see gods clue
Used this way till 1500

7
Q

What is the purple fox glove

A

Gave people a cheap high

8
Q

Why were people given purple fox glove

A

Swelling
Congestive heart failure
Poked skin but it didn’t come back out

9
Q

Who found the purple fox glove

A

William withering

10
Q

What were some things about William

A

Went to medical school school and hated botany
Liked Helen and she liked botany
Writes paper in 1776
Becomes doc

11
Q

Who was the local witch

A

Mrs Hutton and she had the recipient to cure dropsy

12
Q

What is digitalas

A

The chemical in fox glow plant

13
Q

What did van gough have that he needed digitalis for

A

Epilepsy

Effect sight because he took so much

14
Q

Where did they get medicine for pain

A

Willow

15
Q

Why was the willow used for pain

A

It grows everywhere
American Indians found it
Needed a lot of water
Was the asprin till 1900

16
Q

Who was Edward stone

A

Reverend
He thought if the swamp was making you sick then God was putting the clue in the swamp
Taste the leaves
Takes to church and make them feel better

17
Q

What was salatic

A

Today’s compound W

Was rough on the body

18
Q

Where’d asprin come for

A

Bayer

When Germany lost ww1 had to give us the patan for asprin

19
Q

What are the three properties of asprin

A

Analgesic-pain relief
Autinflamitory- swelling
Antigynet- fever reduce

20
Q

Who was John vane

A

English researcher

Avoided heart attacks because he took asprin everyday

21
Q

What did dr rye do

A

Rye syndrome

He found that when kids took regular asprin after chicken pox or flu certain percent died

22
Q

What did fever tree treat

A

Malaria

23
Q

What is malaria

A

Get fever chills
Airburn
One to two million die per year

24
Q

What awesome old cures for malaria

A

Cut open skill and let demons out

Amputations

25
Q

What is malaria caused by

A

Plasmodium

Little worms

26
Q

Where is people more saseptable to acquire malaria

A

Mexico

Upper half of South America

27
Q

New cure “treatment”

A

Quinine

28
Q

Who was Juan de lugo

A

Shipped from Vadican

Studied fever tree for ten years

29
Q

Who was Robert talbot

A

Thought he was a feverologist

30
Q

When Charles the 2nd and king Louis get sick who do they send

A

Robert talbot

31
Q

Does Robert cure both kings

A

Yes

32
Q

What was king Louis deal to Robert

A

Give rob so much gold and rob gives the king the recipient to cure but he won’t look at it until rob dies

33
Q

What happens when rob dies

A

King gets cure and finds out it was just quinine but it tasted better

34
Q

What is happening to plasmodium after ww2

A

It’s getting immune to quantine

35
Q

What did poppy do to people

A

Caused pain relief

People To go to sleep

36
Q

What was used for pain caugh and dirriah

A

Opium

37
Q

How does people get poppy

A

There was 20,000 poppies per acher
Has to be handled by hand
Don’t put fork to deep it will scrap off capsule

38
Q

What is morphine

A

Found in poppy seed
Commonly used for surgery
Big in civil war time
Army men became addicted to morphine

39
Q

What is in latex

A

Codine

40
Q

What is codeine

A

Relief from Cough
One molecule different from. Morphine
Found in Tylenol

41
Q

Raw opium doesn’t dissolve in water but dissolves in what

A

Alcohol

42
Q

If you wanted a buzz by what

A

Raw opium plus alcohol

43
Q

What was opium used for

A

Soothing syrup for babies

44
Q

What was Bayer felex haughman named for

A

Herb

45
Q

What is penicillin

A

Fungus

Blue cheese that was rotted

46
Q

Who founded penicillin

A

Ernest Duchane

47
Q

Who was Ernest Duchane

A

Invented penicillin
Had horses and saw saddle in the dark took the moldy saddle and put it on horses back to take care of it.
Not know gets tb and dies

48
Q

Who was Alexander Fleming

A

Found penicillin by accident
Worked at hospital
Petite plate with fungus and bacteria

49
Q

What is zone of inhibition

A

Zone where bacteria isn’t because of fungi

50
Q

What is penicill IN

A

Drug

51
Q

What is penicillium

A

Fungus

52
Q

Who is Howard Florey

A

Saved two million people

Why isn’t the bacteria growing

53
Q

What did Florey do with the mice

A

Gave them strep
Gave four antibiotic four not
Three lived
Shows it worked on mammals

54
Q

When was the first human trial

A

1940

55
Q

What happened in first human trial

A

Cut face on thorn and gets infected and head was rotting off.
Nothing to loose so he tried the trial
Eyes clear up
Run out of it so he dies

56
Q

First saved by penicillin

A

Anne miller

57
Q

What did Anne miller have

A

Uterine probs
Doc ran out of ideas
Got penicillin was saved

58
Q

How do you grow penicillin

A

Huge incubators

By dday they had 300billion units

59
Q

How did they try to find more penicillin

A

People sent in their mold food

60
Q

What did moldy Mary send in

A

Moldy canalope
It was 2000x stronger than original spore
Price went down bc it was common

61
Q

How does penicillin work

A

Bacteria grows itself to death

62
Q

What are the nightshade family

A

Pepper
Tomatoes
Chillie
Tabaco

63
Q

What is atripine

A

Eye test
Dialate pupil
Secretion

64
Q

What is scopolamine

A

Decreases motion sickness
Treat heroine and coke addiction
Helped with child birth
Stopped in 50s bc it hurts babies

65
Q

What is hyoscyamine

A

Parkinson’s
Bowel
Colic

66
Q

What is deadly night shade

A

Grows everywhere poisonous

Name comes from deadly fate atropa

67
Q

What is Jimson weed

A

Came from Jamestown
Strong in tropics
Makes people cut penis off
Makes people crazy

68
Q

What is henbane for

A

Killed chicken
Date rape drugs
Used for kidnap
Made people sailors

69
Q

What is mandrake

A

Roots looked like people
King tut unwrapped these
Used for sedatives

70
Q

What are the four levels materials for digestions

A

Cells
Tissues
Organs
Organ system

71
Q

What is made up of different kinds of cells

A

Tissues

72
Q

What is made of diff tissues

A

Organ

73
Q

What is made of diff organs

A

Organ system

74
Q

What are the three different ways for digestions

A

No hole
One hole
Two hole

75
Q

What has no holes

A

Sponge

76
Q

What does one hole mean

A

Mouth is anus

It’s not great but efficient

77
Q

What does two holes mean

A

Mouth and anus are different
Us
There is a tube within tube

78
Q

Until the food goes through membrane is it still outside the body

A

Yes

79
Q

What are for the lips for

A

Keep food I the mouth

80
Q

What are the teeth

A
32 teeth 
K9 
Molar 
Premolar 
Insizer
81
Q

How many salivary glands are there

A

Four pairs

82
Q

What are the two things that salivary glands are for

A

Moisten food

Begins enzyme digestions

83
Q

Where does carbohydrate being

A

In mouth

84
Q

Where is the carbohydrate enzyme

A

Spit

85
Q

What is the tongue for

A

Taste and manipulation

86
Q

Where does the swallowing start

A

Tongue

87
Q

What are the four tastes

A

Bitter sweet sour and salty

88
Q

What two palates are there

A

Soft and hard

89
Q

What two systems does the palate separate

A

Digestive and respiratory

90
Q

What is after the trechea

A

Glottis

91
Q

What covers the glottis

A

Epiglottis

92
Q

When the flap on the glottis is closed where does the food go

A

Digestive tract

93
Q

When the flap on the glottis is opened where does the food go

A

Can go down the windpipe

94
Q

What starts the digestive tract

A

Esophagus

95
Q

What is the esophagus

A

Soft sided muscular tube

Can contract by peristalsis

96
Q

What is after the stomach what is there

A

Cardiac sphincter

97
Q

What is the cardiac sphincter

A

Let food in

Keeps in stomach

98
Q

What brings ph to 2

A

Hydrochloric acid

99
Q

What starts protein break down

A

Pepsin

100
Q

Where does parties digestion begin

A

Stomach

101
Q

What is chyme

A

Food enzyme acid and mucus smashed together

102
Q

What happens when people get ulcers

A

Eats stomachs

Takes antibiotic

103
Q

What is in the bottom of the stomach

A

Pyloric sphincter

Opens to release the chyme into the small intestine

104
Q

How long is the small intestine

A

20ft long

105
Q

Where is the gallbladder

A

Right side

106
Q

What is the stone bile made with

A

Liver

107
Q

What is the pancreas

A

Pancreatic juice
Sodium bicarbonate
Shifts ph 9

108
Q

There is no mucus lining where

A

In the pancreas

109
Q

What is the protein to amino acid

A

Trypsin

110
Q

What does the small intestine do

A

Ribbed by folds called vili
30ft of travel
Surface is for absorption

111
Q

What is IBS

A

Irritable bowel syndrome

112
Q

What is the biggest organ

A

Liver

113
Q

What is the six functions of the liver

A
Detoxifying the blood 
Makes parties for blood 
Breaks down old red blood cells 
Turns blue 
Produce eureua 
Stores glycogen
114
Q

What does the liver do

A

Carb storage for later

Major player in diabetes

115
Q

What problems can the liver cause

A

Cirrhosis

Jaundice

116
Q

Where does the small intestine empty

A

Large intestine

117
Q

What are the three sections of the large intestine

A

Ascending colon
Transverse colon
Descending colon

118
Q

What re absorbs 95% of fluid that came through

A

Large intestine

119
Q

Where does the natural group of bacteria live inside

A

Colon

120
Q

What is 1/3 of solid that comes out of you is

A

Liver bacteria

121
Q

Where is the appendix

A

Off bottom of large intestine

122
Q

What does nothing but can kill you

A

Appendicitis

123
Q

What is the digestive tract for

A

Breaking down foods

124
Q

What are proteins made up of

A

Amino acids

125
Q

How many are essential amino acids are there

A

Nine

126
Q

What has no taste

A

Protein

127
Q

What doesn’t matter but source of what does

A

Protein

Lipid

128
Q

What is carbs

A

Sugar

129
Q

What breaks down on carbs

A

Amalyse

130
Q

Where do we get carbs

A

Plant tissue

131
Q

What is fuel

A

Sugar

132
Q

What is important for energy and fiber

A

Carbs

133
Q

What is used immediately when it goes into the body

A

Glucose

134
Q

What does the body save for later

A

Glycogen medium term energy

135
Q

Does it matter the source of sugar

A

No

136
Q

What do you need to break down

A

Simple sugars

137
Q

What are some sugar substitutes

A

Nutra sweet

Methonal

138
Q

What is cancer in rats

A

Saccrin

139
Q

What is glucose with chlorine

A

Splenda

140
Q

What is a huge amount of polysaccharides

A

Fiber

141
Q

What is cellulose

A

Everything

142
Q

Why do we eat lettuce

A

To loose weight increase in fiber

143
Q

Whoa is used for long term energy

A

Fats

144
Q

How many chains make triglycerides

A

3

145
Q

What will store more than carbs

A

Lipids

146
Q

Where do we get oils

A

Seeds

147
Q

What fats are kinky

A

Poly unsaturated fats

148
Q

What is the hardening or arteries

A

Atherosclerotic plac

149
Q

What causes heart Attacks

A

Solid balls of fat in arteries

150
Q

What straightens chain out

A

Hydrogenated oil

151
Q

What is expensive

A

Butter

152
Q

What are some synthetic fats

A

Olean and olestra

153
Q

What does synthetic fat cause

A

Anal leakage

154
Q

What is organic compounds that aid metabolism

A

Vitamins

155
Q

What are rocks

A

Minerals

156
Q

What are the most common vitamins

A

A B C D E K

157
Q

Make sure vitamins are what

A

Dissolvable

158
Q

What are some minerals

A

Iron
Sodium
Calcium

159
Q

Need what from minerals

A

Macro and micro nutrients

160
Q

What is the acronym we need to remember

A

Chopkins cafe mg

161
Q

What does the acronym stand for

A
Carbon 
Hydrogen 
Oxygen 
Phosphorus 
Potassium
Iodine 
Nitrogen 
Sulfor 
Calcium 
Iron
Magnesium