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Flashcards in test one Deck (22)
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1

a painful disorder of the fingers, hand, and/or wrist due to the compression of the brachial nerve plexus and vessels between the neck and shoulder
Causes: tilting the head forward, hunching the shoulders forward, and continuously reaching overhead

symptoms: numbness, tingling, and/or pain in the fingers, hand or wrist

thoracic outlet syndrome

2

a painful inflammation of the muscle tendons in the shoulder region

Causes: holding the elbow above waist level and holding the upper arm away from the body

symptoms: severe pain and impaired function of the shoulder joint

rotator cuff tendinitis

3

a painful disorder of the wrist and hand caused by compression of the median nerve between the two heads of the pronator teres muscle

causes: holding the lower arm away from the body

symptoms: similar to those of carpal tunnel syndrome

pronator syndrome

4

a painful disorder of the fingers due to injury of the extensor muscles of the thumb and fingers

causes: extending the fingers independently of each other

symptoms: numbness, pain and loss of strength in the fingers

extensor wad strain

5

a painful disorder of the wrist and hand caused by compression of the median nerve within the carpal tunnel of the wrist

causes: the nerve fibers of the median nerve originate in the spinal cord in the neck; therefore, poor posture can cause symptoms of CTS. other causes include repeatedly bending the hand up, down, or from side to side at the wrist and continuously pinch-gripping an instrument without resting the muscles

symptoms: numbness, pain, tingling in the thumb, index and middle fingers

carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS)

6

a painful disorder of the lower arm and wrist caused by compression of the ulnar nerve of the arm as it passes through the wrist

causes: bending of the hand up, down, or from side to side at the wrist and holding the little finger a full span away from the hand

symptoms: numbness, tingling, and/or loss of strength in the lower arm or wrist

ulnar nerve entrapment

7

a painful inflammation of the tendons on the side of the wrist and at the base of the thumb

causes: hand twisting, forceful gripping, bending the hand back or to the side

symptoms: pain on the side of the wrist and the base of the thumb; sometimes movement of the wrist yields a crackling noise

tenosynovitis

8

a painful inflammation of the tendons of the wrist resulting from strain

causes: repeatedly extending the hand up or down at the wrist

symptoms: pain in the wrist, especially on the outer edges of the hand, rather than through the center of the wrist

tendinitis

9

clock position for anterior surfaces toward the clinician

8 to 9

10

clock position for anterior surfaces away from the clinician

11 to 1

11

clock position for posterior aspects facing toward the right handed clinician

9

12

posterior aspects facing toward, what surfaces close to you

buccal of the right and lingual of the left

13

posterior aspects facing away clock position

10 to 11

14

posterior aspects facing away what surfaces farther from you

lingual of right and buccal of left

15

mandibular arch anterior surfaces toward clock position and patient head

8-9
chin-down; neutral to turned right or left

16

maxillary arch anterior surfaces toward

8-9
chin up; neutral to turned right or left

17

mandibular arch anterior surfaces away

11-1
chin down neutral to turned right or left

18

maxillary arch anterior surfaces away

11-1
chin up; neutral to turned right or left

19

mandibular arch posterior aspects toward

9
chin down; neutral

20

maxillary arch posterior aspects toward

9
chin up; neutral to turned slightly away

21

mandibular arch posterior aspects away

10-11
chin down; toward

22

maxillary arch posterior aspects away

10-11
chin up; toward