Flashcards in Test Part 1 - Hannah Deck (26):
With which other bones do the Parietal bones articulate with?
Frontal, Sphenoid, Temporal and Occiput
Where is the a) Coronal Suture and b) Metopic Suture?
a) Between the frontal and parietal bones
b) Between the two halves of the frontal bone
What 3 characteristics do you first look for when tuning into a cranio-sacral system?
Where is the Jugular Foramen located and what 2 bones form it?
Sits anterior and laterally to the Foramen Magnum and is formed between the occiput and temporal bone at the occipito-mastoid suture.
What is the most significant factor required to be a practitioner in order to enable effective engagement?
Calm, quiet, presence- key concept for CS Integration
What are the clinoid processes and what attaches to them?
Tentorium Cerebelli projects forward from the occiput and attaches to the anterior and posterior clinoid processes. It is a double layered membrane. The Diaphragma Sellae is a small membranous sheet that stretches across the 4 clinoid process and down the sides of the sphenoid body and covers pituitary gland and stalk which ensures it stays in subarachnoid space and can be washed in CSF.
Name the 4 portions of the occiput?
Squamous portion; 2 condylar portions; basilar portion.
Where is the Spheno-Basilar Synchrondosis located?
Between the body of the sphenoid and basilar portion of occiput and anterior to the foramen magnum.
To which bones does the Tentorium Cerebelli attach?
Occiput; Parietals; Temporals; Sphenoid
To which bones do the Falx Cerebri attach?
Ethmoid; Frontal; Parietal; Occiput
How is CSF produced?
Where is CSF mainly located?
CSF is extracted from arterial blood via the chlorid plexi in the 4 ventricles of the brain leaving a clear colourless fluid.
Located in the ventricular system and sub- arachnoid space
Where is the straight sinus?
Passes along border BETWEEN falx cerebri; falx cerebelli; tentorium cerebelli - drains posteriorly to CONFLUENCE OF SINUSES
Give the approximate rate of the 3 rhythms:
1) CS rhythm
2) Middle Tide
3) Long Tide
1) 5-10 secs
2) 20-25 secs
3) 100 secs
What steps would you take to connect to the mid tide?
Relax; ground; breathe - relax diaphragm
Ask system if it wants to show mid tide
Let attention drift; offer space
Open attention out
What is meant by the reciprocal tension membrane system?
Tensions are reflected reciprocally from one part to the other.
The transverse diaphragms are the tentorium cerebelli; thoracic inlet; thoracic diaphragm and pelvic diaphragm. These are all membranous structures which support the body horizontally. So when there is a distortion or restriction in one diaphragm, it will be reflected in all other diaphragms as the others compensate in relation to each other.
Describe the temporal bone motion in flexion/expansion and extension/contraction?
Flexion/ Expansion - The squamous portion externally rotates during flexion and the mastoid portions move medially.
Extension/ Contraction - The squamous portion internally rotate and the mastoid portions move laterally.
In what direction is the ear hold carried out?
It draws the ears laterally and slightly posteriorly.
List the 6 fundamental principles of CS treatment
Engage; Allow; Follow; Stillness; Release; Reorganise
What steps would you take to help yourself to become more grounded during a treatment sessions?
Return to own fulcrums; back of heart space; anchor through feet to earth; relax diaphragm if holding; letting go physically; deepen breathe;
Explain the importance of stillness in CS therapy?
Profound moments of healing
Systems just waits, quality of stillness.
Stillness in practionner and client
Dynamic stillness - rhythmic motion becomes still
Stillness lasts different amounts of time, can occur in CSR, mid or long tide.
Can occur in fascial unwinding, local or whole body
Where stillness can pervade the whole room and nothing else seems to exist
What is vitality?
Expressed as rhythmic motion and is a reflection of the vital force or aliveness of individual.
What is CS integration
Establishes inherent vitality and enable free flow of system to overcome disease, tension and conditions., Establishes underlying strength of system.
Whole person in relation to the natural world, connecting with inherent forces of nature. Awareness of anatomy and whole CS spectrum of therapies.
What is the anatomical CS system made of?
Membranes; Bones of Cranium and Sacrum; CSF fluid; Fascia
What is the matrix?
Embryonic; Individual - internal and external and Universal - so whole person in relationship to environment; body/mind inter-relationship.
Where is the sub-arachnoid space?
Between the pia mater and arachnoid mater is the sub-arachnoid space - filled with CSF.