Flashcards in Test Study Deck Deck (42):
An organized effort by some portion of the civil population of a country to resist legally established government.
An organized movement aimed at the overthrow of a constituted government through subversion and armed conflict.
Why do populations resist?
What is required of a will to resist?
Active minority and a neutral/passive majority.
List active resistance membership
Core Resistance Activities
7 dynamics of insurgency
Environment and geography
Phasing and timing
Organizational and operational patterns
Mao's three phases of insurgency
Latent or Incipient Phase
Guerilla Wafare Phase
War of Movement Phase
Overt military component of a resistance movement or insurgency
Advantages/Disadvantages of Guerillas
Cons: Training, Equipment, Firepower
Portion of the population that provides active clandestine support to the guerrilla force or the underground.
What is specific to the auxiliary
Assume greatest risk
Cellular organization within the resistance movement or insurgency that has ability to conduct operations in areas that are inaccessible to guerrillas, such as urban areas under control of local security.
What's specific to Underground?
First to form
Delegate risk to auxillary
Definition of UW
Activities conducted to enable a resistance movement or insurgency to coerce, disrupt, or overthrow a government or occupying power by operating through or with an underground, auxiliary, and guerrilla force in a denied area.
Define Guerilla Warfare
Military and paramilitary operations conducted in enemy-held or hostile territory by irregular, predominantly indigenous, forces.
Define General War
In terms of UW, General War is the anticipation of large-scale U.S. involvement in the campaign.
Define Limited War
In terms of UW, it’s the use of limited-involvement operations to pressure an adversary.
Define Resistance Movement
An organized effort by some portion of the civil population of a country to resist the legally established government or an occupying power and to disrupt civil order and stability.
Actions designed to undermine the military, economic, psychological, or political strength or morale of a governing authority.
Define Denied Area
An area under enemy or unfriendly control in which friendly forces cannot expect to operate successfully within existing operational constraints and force capabilities.
An operation sponsored or conducted by governmental departments or agencies in such a way as to assure secrecy or concealment (of the operation).
An operation that is so planned and executed as to conceal the identity of or permit plausible denial by the sponsor
3 types of UW support to Resistance or Insurgency
Direct-General War scenario; visibility not an issue
Indirect-Logistical aid and training/Limited War
Combat-All activities of indirect and direct support in addition to combat ops
3 Conditions for US Sponsorship
-Weakened or unconsolidated Government or Occupying Power
-Will of the Population
Resistance Movement Characteristics
Willingness to Cooperate with US
3 Factors for Feasibility of US Sponsorship
Two categories of supply
Law on use of enemy uniforms by US
Hague Convention of 1907
Additional Protocol 1
Law of Land Warfare directive
USSOCOM Directive 525-89
Define Mission Support Site
Pre selected area used as a temporary base or stopover point. Used to increase operational range.
Command composed of one or more of armed services placed under a single commander.
Governmental elements and activities performed by the irregular organization that will eventually take the place over the current government.
Inner Security Zone
Encompasses normal camp security measures found in any military encampment.
Outer Security Zone
Multiple netoworks of auxiliary agents that provide active and passive security.
Clandestine, dispersed network of facilities to support resistance activities in a certain area.
Deliberately structured organization of SFODA members augmented by interagency etc. assess potential to conduct UW
Types of internal resistance supply
Types of External Supply
9 Insurgent Support Networks