Test Study Deck Flashcards Preview

UW MOS > Test Study Deck > Flashcards

Flashcards in Test Study Deck Deck (42):
1

Define Resistance

An organized effort by some portion of the civil population of a country to resist legally established government.

2

Define Insurgency

An organized movement aimed at the overthrow of a constituted government through subversion and armed conflict.

3

Why do populations resist?

Desire
Grievances

4

What is required of a will to resist?

Active minority and a neutral/passive majority.

5

List active resistance membership

Clandestine Resistance
Overt Resistance

6

Core Resistance Activities

Subversion
Sabotage
Escape/Evasion
Guerilla Warfare
Intelligence Operations

7

7 dynamics of insurgency

Leadership
Ideology
Objectives
Environment and geography
External support
Phasing and timing
Organizational and operational patterns

8

Mao's three phases of insurgency

Latent or Incipient Phase
Guerilla Wafare Phase
War of Movement Phase

9

Guerilla defined

Overt military component of a resistance movement or insurgency

10

Advantages/Disadvantages of Guerillas

Cons: Training, Equipment, Firepower
Pros: Initiative

11

Auxillary Defined

Portion of the population that provides active clandestine support to the guerrilla force or the underground.

12

What is specific to the auxiliary

Assume greatest risk
Most expendible

13

Underground defined

Cellular organization within the resistance movement or insurgency that has ability to conduct operations in areas that are inaccessible to guerrillas, such as urban areas under control of local security.

14

What's specific to Underground?

First to form
Delegate risk to auxillary
Cellular structure

15

Definition of UW

Activities conducted to enable a resistance movement or insurgency to coerce, disrupt, or overthrow a government or occupying power by operating through or with an underground, auxiliary, and guerrilla force in a denied area.

16

Define Guerilla Warfare

Military and paramilitary operations conducted in enemy-held or hostile territory by irregular, predominantly indigenous, forces.

17

Define General War

In terms of UW, General War is the anticipation of large-scale U.S. involvement in the campaign.

18

Define Limited War

In terms of UW, it’s the use of limited-involvement operations to pressure an adversary.

19

Define Resistance Movement

An organized effort by some portion of the civil population of a country to resist the legally established government or an occupying power and to disrupt civil order and stability.

20

Define Subversion

Actions designed to undermine the military, economic, psychological, or political strength or morale of a governing authority.

21

Define Denied Area

An area under enemy or unfriendly control in which friendly forces cannot expect to operate successfully within existing operational constraints and force capabilities.

22

Define Clandestine

An operation sponsored or conducted by governmental departments or agencies in such a way as to assure secrecy or concealment (of the operation).

23

Define Covert

An operation that is so planned and executed as to conceal the identity of or permit plausible denial by the sponsor

24

3 types of UW support to Resistance or Insurgency

Direct-General War scenario; visibility not an issue
Indirect-Logistical aid and training/Limited War
Combat-All activities of indirect and direct support in addition to combat ops

25

3 Conditions for US Sponsorship

-Weakened or unconsolidated Government or Occupying Power
-Will of the Population
-Favorable Terrain

26

Resistance Movement Characteristics

Willingness to Cooperate with US
Compatible OBJ/Ideology
Capable Leadership

27

3 Factors for Feasibility of US Sponsorship

Feasibility
Adequacy
Acceptability

28

Two categories of supply

Accompanying Supply
External Supply

29

Law on use of enemy uniforms by US

Hague Convention of 1907
Additional Protocol 1
27-10

30

Law of Land Warfare directive

USSOCOM Directive 525-89

31

Define Mission Support Site

Pre selected area used as a temporary base or stopover point. Used to increase operational range.

32

Area Command

Command composed of one or more of armed services placed under a single commander.

33

Shadow Government

Governmental elements and activities performed by the irregular organization that will eventually take the place over the current government.

34

Inner Security Zone

Encompasses normal camp security measures found in any military encampment.

35

Outer Security Zone

Multiple netoworks of auxiliary agents that provide active and passive security.

36

Area Complex

Clandestine, dispersed network of facilities to support resistance activities in a certain area.

37

Pilot Team

Deliberately structured organization of SFODA members augmented by interagency etc. assess potential to conduct UW

38

Types of internal resistance supply

Battlefield recovery
Purchase
Levy
Barter
Production

39

Types of External Supply

Automatic
Emergency
Routine

40

9 Insurgent Support Networks

Logistics
Transpo
Medical
Commo
Info
Recruitment
Intelligence
Finance

41

PIG$MMS

People
Intel
Guns
Money
Medical
Mobility
Sanctuary

42

7 Phases of UW

Preparation
Initial Contact
Infiltration
Organization
Buildup
Employment
Transition