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Flashcards in Test Prep Deck (25):

19 Steps of Mission Analysis

1. Analyze higher order
2. Perform initial IPB
3. Determine specified, implied, essential tasks
4. Review assets/ID resource shortfalls
5. Determine Constraints
6. ID critical facts and develop assumptions
7. Begin composite risk management
8. Develop initial CCIR and EEFI
9. Develop initial R&S sync tools
10. Develop initial R&S plan
11. Update plan for use of time
12. Develop initial themes and messages
13. Develop proposed problem statement
14. Develop proposed mission statement
15. Present mission analysis briefing
16. Develop initial commander's intent
17. Develop initial planning guidance
18. Develop COA evaluation criteria
19. Issue a WARNO


9 SF Principle Tasks

Unconventional Warfare
Foreign Internal Defense
Security Force Assistance
Special Reconnaissance
Direct Action
Preparation of the Environment


Difference between COA Screening Criteria and COA Evaluation Criteria

COA Screening Criteria: Assesses validity of each COA at the beginning of COA Development based on:

COA Evaluation Criteria: Pertains to mission and are drawn from Commander's guidance and critical mission factors. Used during Wargaming to select the best COA for the mission


What makes Special Reconnaissance Special?

-Employs resources and techniques not normally found in conventional units
-Conducted in hostile, denied or politically sensitive areas
-Collect or verify information of strategic importance or significance


Criteria to execute DA

Mission appropriate for SF?
Does the mission support GCC campaign plan?
Is the mission operationally feasible?
Are the required resources available?
Does the expected outcome justify the risk?


Steps to prepare for engagement with media

a. Before you go somewhere, find out who you might have to talk to, who they work for, what their biases are, and the history of where you're going
b. Seek out your Group PAO to get what the party line is prior to going anywhere
c. Rehearse chance engagements
d. Request credentials and POC information
e. Don't speculate; don't lie; never repeat back what the media says to you
f. If you don't know, say so
g. Ask for more time/a chance to gather your thoughts


Define 3 Pillars of Preparation of the Environment

Operational Preparation of the Environment
-Operational preparation of the environment activities include passive observation, area familiarization, site surveys, mapping the information environment, military source operations, developing nonconventional assisted recovery capabilities, use of couriers, developing safe houses and assembly areas, positioning transportation assets, and cache emplacement and recovery
Advance Force Operations
-Advanced force operations encompass many operational preparation of the environment activities, but they are intended to prepare for near-term direct action. Advanced force operations include close target reconnaissance; tagging, tracking, and locating; reception, staging, onward movement, and integration of forces; infrastructure development; and terminal guidance.
Intelligence Operations
-human intelligence activities (including military source operations); counterintelligence activities; airborne, maritime, and ground-based signals intelligence; tagging, tracking, and locating; and intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance. Intelligence operations complement operational preparation of the environment and advanced force operations in the overall preparation of the environment


Spectrum of Surgical Strike and Special Warfare

Surgical Strike
-Direct Action
-Special Reconnaissance
Special Warfare
-Unconventional Warfare
-Foreign Internal Defense
-Security Force Assistance


Definition of UW

activities conducted to enable a resistance movement or insurgency to coerce, disrupt, or overthrow a government or occupying power by operating through or with an underground, auxiliary, and guerrilla force in a denied area


7 Phases of UW

Initial Contact


Components of UW



Dynamics of an Insurgency

External Support
Phasing and Timing
Organizational and Operational Patterns


Additional Elements of an Insurgency

Leadership and C2
-Generally performed by the Guerrilla or Underground component
Government in Exile
-Displaced government that is still recognized as legitimate. Area Command still reports to gov in exile.
Shadow Government
-Organization the underground forms in occupied territory that performs normal clandestine government functions and discredits acting government.
Area Command
-Resistance leadership that directs and controls all resistance activities in a given region


Subversion vs. Sabotage

Subversion- Actions designed to undermine the military, economic, psychological, or political strength or morale of a governing authority.

Sabotage- Deliberately damaging or destroying a specific object


Covert vs. Clandestine

Covert- An operation that is so planned and executed as to conceal the identity of or permit plausible denial by the sponsor

Clandestine- An operation sponsored or conducted by governmental departments or agencies in such a way as to assure secrecy or concealment (of the operation).


How does a SOTF Organize Itself Forward

OPCEN (S2, S3)
SUPCEN (4, 8)



SOCCE- Liaison between JSOTF Commander and AOB Commander to communicate intent/info

SFLE- Liaison between US conventional forces and HN or multinational forces


What do you not consider in FID planning?

Do not plan COAs based on enemy, as you are planning for training a HN force


Composite Risk Management types and steps

Risk to Mission/Risk to Force

1. ID significant tactical and accident hazards.
2. Assess hazards for probability, effect and risk level.
3. Develop controls, determine residual risk, decide.
4. Implement controls.
5. Supervise and evaluate.


Elements of Embassy Country Team

Military Liaison Officer (MLO)
Regional Security Officer (RSO)
Government Support Office (GSO)
Chief of Station (CoS)
Chief of Mission (CoM, Ambassador)
Defense Attaché (DATT)


Steps of MDMP

Receipt of Mission
Mission Analysis
COA Development
COA Analysis
COA Comparison
COA Approval
Orders Production


Big 4 Duties and Responsibilities during COA Development

b. 18A: Gives initial planning guidance, develops DECMAT criteria and weight, refrains from becoming focused on one particular COA, selects and or modifies COAs for continued analysis and war-gaming, identifies COA to move into detailed planning
c. 180A: Acts as the facilitator during war-gaming, identifies critical events in the operation and lists them in sequence, consolidates war-gaming results and presents them to the commander, assists commander in identifying COA to move into detailed planning
d. 18Z: Assists commander in identifying COA to move into detailed planning and enforces timeline for COA development
e. 18F: Serves as the primary threat force during war-gaming, helps identify weaknesses in COAs from the enemy's perspective, should not be included as a part of a COA team


Insurgent Support Networks

information and propaganda
intel and counterintel


Low Vis-Operations

Sensitive operations wherein the diplomatic-military restrictions inherent in covert and clandestine operations are either not necessary or not feasible; actions taken as required to limit exposure of those involved and/or their activities and with the knowledge that the action and/or sponsorship of the operation may preclude plausible denial by the initiating power.


Conditions for FID Mission

i. Does the internal disorder pose a significant threat to US national interests?
ii. Did the country request U.S. support?
iii. Are they capable of effectively using U.S. assistance?
iv. What type of support are we providing? (indirect, direct, or combat operations)