Flashcards in Test Two Deck (140):
Does Parkinsons cause autonomic dysfunction?
Is dementia an early or late feature of Parkinsons?
What specific structure is destroyed during Parkinsons?
substantia nigra zona compacta
Which two proteins are contained within Lewy Bodies?
Which two anti-HTN drugs can cause Parkinsonisms?
reserpine and methyldopa
Which anti-epileptic can cause Parkinsons?
Which anti-emetic can cause Parkinsons?
Which three symptoms are needed to Dx parkinsons?
Does Parkinsons have cerebellar signs?
Does exercise decrease the risk of Parkinsons?
Which two anti-cholinergics for Parkinsons?
What is the other MAO-B other than selegiline?
Which two structures are targeted during Deep Brain Stimulation?
What is the age range for MS?
What virus is now implicated in MS?
What chromosome is MS linked to?
Is MS worse in males or females?
Which has a worse prognosis for MS, young or older age of Dx?
Is MS worse in blacks or whites?
Which ion for MS imaging?
What immune cell mediates Neuromyelitis Optica?
What population gets infected with ADEM?
Is ADEM febrile or afebrile?
Does ADEM effect gray, white or both?
Which MS drug helped with timed gait test?
Which vitamin for MS?
What gene is implicated in ALS?
What drug may delay the progression of ALS? MOA?
What two types of neuropathy is EMG good at distinguishing?
axonal vs. demyelinating
Does MG effect the upper or lower extremities more often?
Which muscle groups in the upper extremities are effected by MG?
deltoid and wrist extensors
Is there strong or poor correlation between antibody levels and MG symptoms?
Is the CK normal or abnormal in steroid myopathy?
Is the EMG normal or abnormal in steroid myopathy?
What does partial mean regarding a seizure?
starts in one hemisphere
What does simple mean regarding a seizure?
What type of tumor is GBM?
What stage of tumor is GBM automatically?
What is the mnemonic for mets to the brain?
What does Lubgom?
What are Fangs three symptoms of increased ICP?
headache vomiting and papilledema
What is the 'pattern' on histology for a meningioma?
Meningioma arises from what cells?
What does a hemangioblastoma stain for?
What are the two buzz words for oligodendroglioma histology?
Homer-Wright rosettes are in what brain tumor?
Perivascular pseudorosettes are indicative of what brain tumor?
Does an ependyoma have a good or poor prognosis?
Is orthostatic hypotension a sign or early or late autonomic dysfunction?
Cardiovagal heart rate breathing responds to what three things?
How much of a drop of SBP during orthostatic hypotension?
How much of a drop of DBP during orthostatic hypotension?
Recheck orthostatic hypotension at what intervals?
supine to standing
one and three minutes
Which two alpha-two blockers for orthostatic hypotension?
What are the four symptoms of Shy-Drager?
What is a symptom of idiopathic parkinsonism?
Which cancer causes enteric neuropathy?
How much does the heart rate have to change for POTS?
How does vitamin D deficiency manifest?
What is the main symptom of hypokalemia?
Are reflexes reduced in hyper or hypomagnesia?
Hypomagnesia resembles what other electrolyte disturbance?
Triphasic wave on EEG can correlate to what disease?
CNS infection with renal problems?
What drug does Hashimoto Encephalitis respond to?
What vasculitis is unique to the CNS?
Primary CNS Angiitis
Do cells die in TIA?
What is moyamoya?
gradual occlusion of internal carotid
According to Jacoby, what are the three deep penetrators?
Nimodipine for how many days?
What is the leading cause of death in SAH?
The risk of rebleeding during SAH is greatest during what time frame?
within 24 hours
Does one increase or decrease BP during a SAH when trying to avoid vasospasm?
What electrolytce disturbance can be seen following SAH? Called?
cerebral salt wasting
What is the number one risk factor for stroke?
Are anti-platelets used for the prevention of primary or secondary stroke?
Other than age, what is the most important risk factor for stroke?
What procedure may prevent a stroke?
What condition is the core of a stroke in?
What structure is at risk during a stroke?
CT with or without contrast for stroke?
What is the blood pressure for the use of tPA?
Dot treat BP during a stroke until what pressure?
Administer tPA during what timeframe for a stroke?
Is the tremor of Parkinsons more often unilateral or bilateral? Progresses to?
According to friedgood, what is the most disabling feature of Parkinsons?
What part of the brain are lewy bodies found during alzheimers?
Which metal can cause Parkinsons?
Does L-DOPA cause hypo or hypertension?
Do EBV titers increase or decrease during an MS attack?
What is the exact HLA haplotype of MS?
What allows CD4 cells to enter the CNS during MS?
Which white matter structure of the CNS is specific for MS?
What is the most helpful evoked potential for MS?
VER (visually evoked potentials)
Are PANS fibers in the optic nerve peripheral or central?
Does MG get better or worse with use?
84% of people with a thymoma have an antibody targeting what?
Do seizures start in the cortex or subcortex?
According to Friedgood, what type of tube for seizure?
What type of diet did Friedgood say may help a seizure?
What adrenergic receptor does midodrine activate?
Are hemangioblastomas malignant or benign?
What type of brain tumor can involve the corpus callosum?
Regarding brain tumors, what is another name for a Perinuclear Halo?
What structure can be transected to treat seizures?
Is MS axonal and demyelination?
Neuromyelitis Optica has auto antibodies against what antigen?
Bulbar symptoms mean what part of the CNS is affected?
What is dysesthesia?
Adelman says what molecule can become depleted during diabetic neuropathy? Leading to decreased activity of what pump?
In women, does MG occur more often in the young or old?
In men, does MG occur more often in the young or old?
Adelman says dermatomyositis may have an auto-antibody against which type of cell?
Is inclusion body myositis acute or chronic?
Does inclusion body myositis respond to immunosuppressive agents?
Which type of muscle fiber atrophies during steroid myopathy?
According to Jacoby, how much should the HR go up during orthostatic hypotension?
Is LOC a typical symptom of stroke?
What is the best imaging modality for blood in the brain?
All post stroke patients get what drug?
What did Friedgood say is the initial complaint in Parkinsons?
Is the Parkinsons tremor a resting or movement tremor?
According to Friedgood, does Parkinsons manifest with postural hyper or hypotension?
What is the most common clinical course of MS?
When would BAER be helpful when diagnosing MS?
if the brainstem was involved
When would SSEP be helpful when diagnosing MS?
spinal cord lesion
What two structures are involved with neuromyelitis optica?
optic nerve and spinal cord
What is the main side effect of fampridine?
According to Friedgood, Where is a patient turned during a seizure?
on their side
According to Friedgood, what is the only type of seizure that requires meds to abort?
Is amyotrophic an UMN or LMN problem?
Is lateral sclerosis an UMN or LMN problem?
Is Type One HSMN demyelinating or axonal?
Is Type Two HSMN demyelinating or axonal?
Which brain tumor can present with 'foamy' cells?
What is another name for HTN encephalopathy?
Posterior Reversible Encephalopathy Syndrome
What structure of the CNS does Neurosarcoidosis affect?
Is endarterectomy advised for less than 50%?
Greatest benefit for endarterectomy is for stenosis of greater than what percent?