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Flashcards in Text Info Deck (39):
1

Who describes the psychosocial task of old age as integrity versus despair?

Erik Erikson

2

What are the 3 key areas of conflict for older people and their family members?

1. independence vs dependence
2. connectedness vs separateness
3. openness vs privateness

3

Are people living longer or shorter lives?

Longer

4

What percentage of the Canadian population do individuals over the age of 65 make up? How many of them were couples?

14.8%, 56.4%

5

What are the 3 pillars of the Canadian retirement income system?

1. government public pension programs (Old Age Security Act provides pensions for those aged at least 65)
2. Canada Pension Plan/Quebec Pension Plan (national social insurance plan funded by tax payers. Payments are based on how much the individual has contributed throughout their lifetime)
3. private pensions and savings (includes company pensions, RRSPs)

6

What are woopies?

Well-Off Older People

7

Which are the most common disabilities to develop after 75?

vision, mobility and memory problems

8

What are Kubler-Ross's 5 Stages of Psychological Reactions to Death?

1. Denial
2. Anger
3. Bargaining
4. Depression
5. Acceptance

9

Are women or men more likely to remarry following divorce or death of their spouse?

Men

10

Are men or women more available to date? Which sex tends to die earlier than the other?

Women are more available because men tend to die earlier.

11

Which is the most intimate relationship one will have in their lifetime?

relationship with siblings

12

What are "kin-keepers"? Which gender is more likely to assume this role?

Those who are responsible for keeping up contact with relatives. Usually women.

13

__% of immigrants aged 65 or older are more likely to live with family members compared to __% of Canadian born seniors

48%, 5%

14

The Aboriginal population in Canada is ____ than the non-Aboriginal

younger

15

Aboriginal culture sees their elders as ____?

transmitters of culture, knowledge and socialization

16

The number of poor seniors has ___ as the total number of elderly people have ___ ?

declined, risen

17

Lone-parent families make up __% of all census families

16.3%

18

__% of lone parent families are headed by women and __% are headed by men

78.6%, 21.4%

19

Aboriginal families are more or less likely than others to have just one parents?

more likely

20

Why was the majority of lone parents so high in 1961?

61.5% of lone parents were widows due to WWII

21

Social support refers to two areas:

1. supportiveness of society as a whole
2. immediate sources of emotional and practical help

22

Lone mothers and lone fathers are more susceptible to ___ and ___ than married counterparts

mood disorders, substance abuse disorders (social support significantly reduces the likelihood of these disorders - Wade)

23

Giving birth to a premature baby is more common in women younger than __ and older than __

15,44

24

In the future, it is suggested that lone parent families will ___, mainly due to ___

increase, divorce

25

poverty has detrimental effects on a child's ___ and ___ abilities

physical, intellectual

26

What year did divorce rates reach their peak?

1987 (96,200)

27

The Divorce Act recognized three legal grounds for divorce. They are:

cruelty, adultery, or being separated for one year (separated for one year is the most common reason in Canada because proving cruelty or adultery can be time consuming and expensive)

28

Gottman's 4 Horsemen of the Apocalypse:

criticism, contempt, defensiveness, stonewalling

29

social risk factors associated with divorce:

age, little to no education, limited financial resources, cohabitation before marriage, imprisonment of a partner, those who go to church infrequently, spouses who's parents have divorced, remarriage at a young age (early 20's), interracial couples have a higher likelihood of divorce than inracial ones

30

Feminist views on traditional marriage:

they believe marriage supports unequal division of power between husbands and wives. now that women have more opportunities, they no longer need to depend on men and can leave oppressive relationships

31

What are the 6 patterns of divorce?

enhancers, goodenoughs (largest group), seekers, swingers, competent loners, defeated

32

What are the 5 main stressors and the 5 main protective factors a child might experience during divorce?

STRESSORS
1. separation
2. conflict between parents
3. poor parenting
4. loss of relationships
5. financial hardship

PROTECTIVE FACTORS
1. effective parenting
2. reduced conflict
3. strong relationships
4. social supports
5. ties with both parents

33

Before ___, no divorce law existed in Canada.

Confederation

34

Which province has the highest monthly fees for their child? Which has the lowest?

Ontario, Quebec

35

according to the double ABCX model, five general types of stressors can pile up. They are:

1. initial stressor and its hardships (i.e.: breadwinner in family loses job)
2. family experiences normative stresses
3. experiencing strain before the particular stressor (i.e.: family doesnt have enough money saved)
4. effort of the family to cope
5. ambiguity (issue may be unclear)

36

The 7 resiliences:

insight, independence, relationships, initiative, creativity, humour, morality

37

symptoms of codependence:

individual has low self-esteem, low self-worth, does not have clear personal boundaries, finds meaning and worth in care-taking, believes they are responsible for what happens to their partner, when pressure increases the codependent is at risk of developing stress-related illnesses

38

ABCX model break down:

stressor ("A" factor), family resources ("B" factor), interpretation of situation ("C" factor). these factors work together to produce a crisis ("X" factor)

39

Are boys or girls more likely to be victims of family abuse?

girls