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Flashcards in Key Terms Deck (48):

Chronological Age (Ch. 8)

number of years a person has lived


Psychological Age (Ch. 8)

a frame of mind and behaviours associated with one's age


Physical Age (Ch. 8)

the physical changes that occur with age


Social Age (Ch. 8)

expectations of how we should act when we are a certain age and how we should interact with people older and younger than ourselves


Lone-Parent Family (Ch. 9)

a mother or father with no spouse or common-law partner present, living in a dwelling with one or more children


Teenage Mother (Ch. 9)

a woman who has her first birth under the age of 20


Divorce (Ch. 10)

the legal dissolution of a marriage


Divorce Rate (Ch. 10)

a measure that predicts the proportion of couple that can be expected to divorce before their 30th wedding anniversary based on current patterns of divorce


Custody (Ch. 10)

the legal right and responsibility to care for a child in one's own home


Joint Custody (Ch. 10)

the legal right and responsibility of both parents to make decisions and care for their child


Binuclear Family (Ch. 10)

an arrangement where both father and mother act as parents to their child(ren) following divorce but maintain separate homes


Transitional State (Ch. 10)

a state of temporary imbalance resulting from changes in relationships routines assumptions and roles


Disequilibrium (Ch. 10)

a lack of balance in the family system


Custodial/Noncustodial Parent (Ch. 10)

an individual who has/does not have custody of the child


Sleeper Effect (Ch. 10)

a problem that emerges only long after an event such as divorce (i.e.: children may display fear of intimacy or betrayal that will interfere with any potential intimate relationships in the future)


Remarriage (Ch. 11)

a marriage that takes place after a previous marriage ended


Step Family (Ch. 11)

a family where children are related to one parent but not the other


Simple Step Family (Ch. 11)

a family in which all children are the biological or adopted children of one and only one married spouse or common-law partner in the couple


Complex (Blended) Family (Ch. 11)

variation of the step family form


Role Spillover (Ch. 12)

a situation where family and work roles or time demands interfere with each other


Role Overload (Ch. 12)

the perception of being stressed or overwhelmed by the pressures of multiple family and work roles


Caregiver Strain (Ch. 12)

a term used to describe the burdens in the caregivers' day-to-day lives that can be attributed to the need to provide care or assistance to someone else


Work-Family Balance (Ch. 12)

a self-defined state of well-being that recognizes the inter-relatedness of work life and life apart from work


Burnout (Ch. 12)

a state that occurs when a person experiences prolonged stress without learning how to cope with it


Flextime (Ch. 12)

a system of working a set number of house with the starting and finishing times chosen within agreed limits by the employee


Compressed Workweek (Ch. 12)

a work schedule based on working longer shifts over fewer days


Telecommuting (Ch. 12)

a work arrangement in which the employee works outside the office, often from home


Job Sharing (Ch. 12)

a work arrangement in which two employees share one full-time job with prorated salaries and benefits


Vested Interests (Ch. 13)

interests of a group of people who have a stake in keeping society as it is (i.e.: these people tent to ave the greatest influence in society - usually among the wealthiest and benefit from the current system)


Gatekeepers (Ch. 13)

individuals recognized as having special expertise in indentifying problems and who control access to important people or services


ABCX Model (Ch. 13)

a model that explains how families respond to stressors based on the resources they have and how they perceive the stressor


Stressor (Ch. 13)

an event that is so significant it causes changes in the family


Crisis (Ch. 13)

an imbalance in the demands placed on an individual or the family by a stressor and their ability to meet the demands


Double ABCX Model (Ch. 13)

an elaboration of the original ABCX model that includes post-crisis factors as well


Resiliencies (Ch. 13)

the strengths that are developed in the struggle with family challenges


Normative Family Changes (Ch. 13)

changes that are expected as part of the family life cycle


Enabler (Ch. 13)

a person whose behaviour allows another to act in a certain way; often used in reference to nonalcoholic members of alcoholic families


Codependent (Ch. 13)

often the partner or child of an alcoholic and who also displays a variety of psychological symptoms as a result of living with an alcoholic


Corporal Punishment (Ch. 14)

any kind of physical force used to inflict pain and which serves as a punishment for an offence or to discourage inappropriate behaviour


Intimate Partner Violence (Ch. 14)

violence committed by legally married, separated, divorced, or common-law partners, current or previous dating partners, and other intimate partners


Battered Woman Syndrome (Ch. 14)

a pattern of signs and symptoms appearing in women who are physically and mentally abused over an extended period by an intimate partner; a legal defence used by a woman accused of killing her abusive partner


Second-Stage Housing (Ch. 14)

longer-term housing for abused women


Social Safety Net (Ch. 15)

basic social security programs needed to support family life


Means Test (Ch. 15)

a method of screening applicants to ensure that only those who need financial assistance receive it


Absolute Poverty (Ch. 15)

lacking the minimum basic requirements necessary for physical survival


Relative Poverty (Ch. 15)

definition of poverty based on comparing individuals or families to others in the population


Dependency Ratio (Ch. 16)

the ratio of the combined youth and senior population to the working-age population, expressed as the number of dependants for every 100 workers


Matrilineal/Patrilineal (Ch. 16)

counting descent through one's mother/father