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Flashcards in Key Terms Deck (48):
1

Chronological Age (Ch. 8)

number of years a person has lived

2

Psychological Age (Ch. 8)

a frame of mind and behaviours associated with one's age

3

Physical Age (Ch. 8)

the physical changes that occur with age

4

Social Age (Ch. 8)

expectations of how we should act when we are a certain age and how we should interact with people older and younger than ourselves

5

Lone-Parent Family (Ch. 9)

a mother or father with no spouse or common-law partner present, living in a dwelling with one or more children

6

Teenage Mother (Ch. 9)

a woman who has her first birth under the age of 20

7

Divorce (Ch. 10)

the legal dissolution of a marriage

8

Divorce Rate (Ch. 10)

a measure that predicts the proportion of couple that can be expected to divorce before their 30th wedding anniversary based on current patterns of divorce

9

Custody (Ch. 10)

the legal right and responsibility to care for a child in one's own home

10

Joint Custody (Ch. 10)

the legal right and responsibility of both parents to make decisions and care for their child

11

Binuclear Family (Ch. 10)

an arrangement where both father and mother act as parents to their child(ren) following divorce but maintain separate homes

12

Transitional State (Ch. 10)

a state of temporary imbalance resulting from changes in relationships routines assumptions and roles

13

Disequilibrium (Ch. 10)

a lack of balance in the family system

14

Custodial/Noncustodial Parent (Ch. 10)

an individual who has/does not have custody of the child

15

Sleeper Effect (Ch. 10)

a problem that emerges only long after an event such as divorce (i.e.: children may display fear of intimacy or betrayal that will interfere with any potential intimate relationships in the future)

16

Remarriage (Ch. 11)

a marriage that takes place after a previous marriage ended

17

Step Family (Ch. 11)

a family where children are related to one parent but not the other

18

Simple Step Family (Ch. 11)

a family in which all children are the biological or adopted children of one and only one married spouse or common-law partner in the couple

19

Complex (Blended) Family (Ch. 11)

variation of the step family form

20

Role Spillover (Ch. 12)

a situation where family and work roles or time demands interfere with each other

21

Role Overload (Ch. 12)

the perception of being stressed or overwhelmed by the pressures of multiple family and work roles

22

Caregiver Strain (Ch. 12)

a term used to describe the burdens in the caregivers' day-to-day lives that can be attributed to the need to provide care or assistance to someone else

23

Work-Family Balance (Ch. 12)

a self-defined state of well-being that recognizes the inter-relatedness of work life and life apart from work

24

Burnout (Ch. 12)

a state that occurs when a person experiences prolonged stress without learning how to cope with it

25

Flextime (Ch. 12)

a system of working a set number of house with the starting and finishing times chosen within agreed limits by the employee

26

Compressed Workweek (Ch. 12)

a work schedule based on working longer shifts over fewer days

27

Telecommuting (Ch. 12)

a work arrangement in which the employee works outside the office, often from home

28

Job Sharing (Ch. 12)

a work arrangement in which two employees share one full-time job with prorated salaries and benefits

29

Vested Interests (Ch. 13)

interests of a group of people who have a stake in keeping society as it is (i.e.: these people tent to ave the greatest influence in society - usually among the wealthiest and benefit from the current system)

30

Gatekeepers (Ch. 13)

individuals recognized as having special expertise in indentifying problems and who control access to important people or services

31

ABCX Model (Ch. 13)

a model that explains how families respond to stressors based on the resources they have and how they perceive the stressor

32

Stressor (Ch. 13)

an event that is so significant it causes changes in the family

33

Crisis (Ch. 13)

an imbalance in the demands placed on an individual or the family by a stressor and their ability to meet the demands

34

Double ABCX Model (Ch. 13)

an elaboration of the original ABCX model that includes post-crisis factors as well

35

Resiliencies (Ch. 13)

the strengths that are developed in the struggle with family challenges

36

Normative Family Changes (Ch. 13)

changes that are expected as part of the family life cycle

37

Enabler (Ch. 13)

a person whose behaviour allows another to act in a certain way; often used in reference to nonalcoholic members of alcoholic families

38

Codependent (Ch. 13)

often the partner or child of an alcoholic and who also displays a variety of psychological symptoms as a result of living with an alcoholic

39

Corporal Punishment (Ch. 14)

any kind of physical force used to inflict pain and which serves as a punishment for an offence or to discourage inappropriate behaviour

40

Intimate Partner Violence (Ch. 14)

violence committed by legally married, separated, divorced, or common-law partners, current or previous dating partners, and other intimate partners

41

Battered Woman Syndrome (Ch. 14)

a pattern of signs and symptoms appearing in women who are physically and mentally abused over an extended period by an intimate partner; a legal defence used by a woman accused of killing her abusive partner

42

Second-Stage Housing (Ch. 14)

longer-term housing for abused women

43

Social Safety Net (Ch. 15)

basic social security programs needed to support family life

44

Means Test (Ch. 15)

a method of screening applicants to ensure that only those who need financial assistance receive it

45

Absolute Poverty (Ch. 15)

lacking the minimum basic requirements necessary for physical survival

46

Relative Poverty (Ch. 15)

definition of poverty based on comparing individuals or families to others in the population

47

Dependency Ratio (Ch. 16)

the ratio of the combined youth and senior population to the working-age population, expressed as the number of dependants for every 100 workers

48

Matrilineal/Patrilineal (Ch. 16)

counting descent through one's mother/father