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Classical Civilisations- Pompeii > The Ampitheatre > Flashcards

Flashcards in The Ampitheatre Deck (10):

When was the amphitheatre built?

Around 70BC, ten years after the Romans had established a colony at Pompeii following the unsuccessful rebellion


What were the advantages of this amphitheatre?

The oval shaped arena and the tiered seating ensured great views; audiences were protected by high walls so animals could not attack them; tthere were also a large number of entrances and exits


How many spectators could the amphitheatre hold?

Around 24,000 spectators — almost double the population of the city


How could the spectators access their seats?

The main seating could be accessed by seating outside the amphitheatre's main wall; seats for VIPs and politicians could be accessed by archways at round level


Which events were held at the amphitheatre?

Beast hunts, gladiatorial battles, executions and athletics events — these were usually paid for by local politicians seeking votes


When did the infamous riot take lace?

In 59AD


Why did people attend?

To enjoy free entertainment on a public holiday; to socialise; people also came from neighboring towns or may have been stopping over whilst on a trading mission to enjoy the varied events on offer


What caused the riot?

According to Tacitus, it was based around local rivalry between Pompeiians and Nucerians; taunts led to stone throwing and sword fighting with the fighting spilling out to other areas nearby


How did Rome react to the riot?

The Senate banned games for 10 years and exiled the organiser of the games


Why was the ban lifted?

Following the earthquake of 62AD, the ban was lifted as a gesture to the local population (possibly through the influence of Poppaea — the wife of Nero — whose family were influential in this region