Flashcards in The Thermae (Baths) Deck (16):
What was the Roman word for the baths
What would you use a strigil for
A Strigil was used for scraping off oil from the body — i.e. a way of cleaning yourself
What would you do in the apodyterium and the palaestra
The apodyterium was used for changing; the palaestra was an exercise area
What activities could take place in the palaestra?
Wrestling, fencing, boxing, swimming, ball games (trigon)
What was the caldarium?
This was the hottest room - It was necessary to wear wooden-soled shoes
What was the frigidarium?
This was the coldest room where if you were brave enough you would take a cold plunge
How many bath houses were there in Pompeii?
There were three: Stabian, Forum and Central Baths
Why was the roof of the caldarium dome-shaped
This was dome shaped to prevent condensation dripping onto the people below
Why were the baths so important to everyday Pompeiians?
The hot climate and the lack of washing facilities at home / sanitation meant baths were important in terms of hygiene; they offered relaxation from the bustling city and a chance to socialise and exercise.
Being smart and well-groomed improved our social standing
What would you find around the outside of the baths ?
There were food and drink shops operating outside, although slaves did sell
such goods inside
What would a Pompeiian bring to the baths?
Oil flask (ampulla), strigil, comb, towels, and a slave if you were rich enough
Were the thermae open to all Pompeiians?
Yes — but you did have to pay a small entrance fee (this was sometimes covered by politicians seeking re-
election). However the cost of the oil used meant that the poor were deterred from frequent bathing
When would you visit the baths?
You normally took a bath in the aftemoon after finishing work-Pompeiians worked in the morning. It was popular to meet business clients there before the cena evening meal
How were the baths used for business?
They were an ideal place to conduct business meetings (there were few offices), and meet one's host before dinner. Other forms of business which took place ranged from masseurs, hair pluckers and even politicians seeking votes.
What did Seneca complain about regarding the baths?
People jumping into the pool; the hair pluckers; the cries of the sausage sellers.