Flashcards in The Biosphere- Requirements for sustaining life Deck (7)
Name the definition of: Photosynthesis
The process in which plants use light energy from the Sun to make their own food.
Name the 5 requirements for sustaining life.
5. Favourable temperatures
Explain energy as a requirement for sustaining life.
Energy allows living organisms to do things such as move or grow. Ultimate source of energy= Sun. Plants make their own food- photosynthesis. They store energy as starch. Animals cannot make food, acquire energy through eating other plants/animals.
Explain gases as a requirement for sustaining life.
Carbon dioxide & oxygen are both found in the atmosphere, also found dissolved in water. Most organisms need oxygen for the process of respiration, during which oxygen is breathed in by plants/animals & is used to break down food to release energy. Plants need carbon dioxide to make food during photosynthesis.
Explain soil as a requirement for sustaining life.
Plants need soil to survive. They get water & nutrients from soil. Many animals live in the soil, e.g: Beetles, worms ants bacteria and fungi. Animals living in the soil improve the quality of the soil.
Explain water as a requirement for sustaining life.
Living organisms need water to survive. Water in your blood carries food & chemicals around the body. It helps get rid of waste and is used to cool the body down. Plants use water to grow, transport food & and carry out chemical reactions. Plants need water for photosynthesis.