The Body as a Whole: Part 1 Flashcards Preview

Anatomy and Physiology > The Body as a Whole: Part 1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in The Body as a Whole: Part 1 Deck (16)
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1
Q

Anatomy

A

Study of structure and the relationship among structures (ana=apart; tomy=to cut)

2
Q

Surface anatomy

A

Study of the form and marking of the body surface

3
Q

Gross (macroscopic) anatomy

A

Study of structures that can be examined without the use of a microscope.

4
Q

Systemic anatomy

A

Study of a specific system of the body such as the digestive system.

5
Q

Regional anatomy

A

Study of a specific region of the body such as the head or chest.

6
Q

Radiographic anatomy

A

Study of the body that includes the use of x-rays.

7
Q

Developmental anatomy

A

Study of development from the fertilized egg to adult form.

8
Q

Embryology

A

Study of development from the fertilized egg through the eight week in utero.

9
Q

Histology

A

Microscopic study of tissues

10
Q

Cytology

A

Microscopic study of cells

11
Q

Pathological anatomy

A

Study of structural change associated with disease

12
Q

Physiology

A

The study of the function of body parts, how body parts work.

(physis = nature)

13
Q

Renal physiology

A

Study of kidney function and urine production

14
Q

Neurophysiology

A

Explains the workings of the nervous system

15
Q

Cardiovascular physiology

A

Study of the operation of the heart and blood vessels.

16
Q

Why are anatomy and physiology studied together?

A

It is difficult to separate anatomy and physiology because each structure has a specific function.

Eg. female vs. male pelvis (childbirth)