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Flashcards in The Cell Deck (14)
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1

Cell

Smallest functional unit capable of carrying on all life processes

2

Cyto

Cell

3

Cytology

The study of cells

4

What are the two major types of cells

Prokaryotic
Eukaryotic

5

Prokaryotic

"Before the nucleus" ; does not contain a nucleus

Ex: Bacteria

6

Eukaryotic

Have a nucleus

Can be unicellular or multicellular

Ex of unicellular: yeast

Ex of multicellular: higher plants and animals

7

What are the similarities between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells?

Basic metabolic functions
Ribosomes in cytoplasm
Plasma membranes
DNA

8

Homeostasis

Balance that is maintained by each cell reflects the equilibrium maintained by a continued hierarchy of organization used to study living things.

9

What is the level of organization? (Name from the smallest to the biggest)

AMCTOOOPCEB

Atom
Molecule
Cell
Tissue
Organ
Organ system
Organism
Population
Community
Ecosystem
Biosphere

10

Who discovered the cell?

Robert Hooke

11

What are the three main parts of nearly all mature eukaryotic cells?

Cytoplasm
Plasma membrane
Nucleus

12

Cytosol

Liquid content of the cell

13

Organelles

"Small organs"; refers to the structures that perform dedicated functions within the cell

14

How are organelles classified?

A.) bound by membrane

B.) have direct contact with the cytosol