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Flashcards in Photosynthesis And Respiration Cellular Energy Deck (17)
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1

Photosynthesis

Plants use the energy of sunlight to produce their own food such as glucose

2

All life depends on a source of ________.

Energy

3

Plants are able to convert ______ energy to _______energy, which is stored in the bonds of sugars.

Light , chemical

4

H2O + CO2 + light energy ➡️ O2 + C6H12O6

Overall reaction of photosynthesis

5

Light is absorbed by pigments in leaves structures called _______

Chloroplasts

6

Respiration

The cellular process by which energy stored in nutrients is released as ATP

7

What are the two major pathways by which cells extract energy from nutrients?

Respiration and fermentation

8

________ involves a series of reactions in which hydrogen electrons are transferred from glucose to oxygen gas, resulting in the formation of water

Respiration

9

O2 + C6H12O6 ➡️ H2O + CO2 + cellular energy (ATP)

The overall reaction of respiration from glucose

10

Fermentation

"without air": Because there is an absence of oxygen gas, fermentation is a type of anaerobic respiration

11

What are the two common types of fermentation?

Alcohol and lactate (lactic acid)

12

Acidic solution

Ph is less than seven; turns yellow

13

Basic solution

PH is greater than seven; it becomes red

14

Electron acceptor

Chemical entity that excepts electrons transferred to it from another compound

15

What is the final electron acceptor in respiration?

Oxygen

16

Yeast cells ferment ______ to produce ethyl alcohol and carbon dioxide

Glucose

17

All organisms perform cellular respiration

True