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SHHS - AQA GCSE Geography > The Challenge of Resource Management > Flashcards

Flashcards in The Challenge of Resource Management Deck (81)
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1

What is a resource?

A stock or a supply of something that has a value or purpose

2

What are the 3 resources people need?

Food

Energy

Water

 

3

How many people does the World Health Organisation (WHO) estimate fall below the 2000-2400 calories per day needed to live healthily?

Over one billion

4

What is undernutrition?

A poorly balance diet lacking in vitamins and minerals

5

How many people suffer from undernutrition according to the World Health Organisation?

Two billion

6

In which continent are most undernourished people concentrated?

Africa

7

Name some reasons why water is so important?

Drinking (domestic)

Irrigating crops (agriculture)

Industry

 

8

How many countries does the UN estimate will face water scarcity by 2025?

50

9

In HICs which sector uses the greatest proportion of water?

Industry

10

In LICs which sector uses the greatest proportioin of water?

Agriculture

11

Why is world energy consumption increasing?

Countries are developing leading to increased demand

12

How much has global energy consumption increased since 1970?

More than double

13

Which group of countries are seeing the fastest increase in the demand for energy?

NEEs

14

Name a region with little or no water scarcity?

North America

Europe

15

Name a region with physical water scarcity?

Middle East

 

16

Why does the UK import so much food?

Cheaper from abroad

UK food can be expensive

UK climate unsuitable for some food types eg bananas

Demand for seasonal produce all year

Demand for more choice

 

17

What are food miles?

The distances travelled by food imported into the UK

18

How does food production generate a carbon footprint?

Emission of carbon dioxide from the energy used in commercial cultivation and transport by planes and lorries

19

What is food security?

 

Reducing your dependence on imported food and growing more food in the UK

20

What is agribusiness?

Intensive large scale farming aimed at maximising the amount of food produced

21

What are the charactreristics of agribusinesses?

High levels of investment

Modern technology used

Chemical fertilisers used

22

What is organic produce?

Food grown withouit the use of chemicals

23

Lynford House Farm is an agribusiness in East Anglia. Name its main features?

Flat intensively farmed land

Grows wheat, sugar beet and potatoes to make use of the climate

Chemical pesticides and fertilisers used

High machinery costs but low number of actual workers

Has built a 54 million litre reservoir to store water

24

Riverford Organic Farm in Devon delivers boxes of vegetables to consumers. Name its main features?

Reduce food miles

Support local farmers

Provide local employment

Strong link between producer and consumer

25

How much of the UKs water supply is used for domestic purposes?

50%

26

Why will demand for water in the UK rise by 5% by 2020?

Growing population

More houses being built

More water intensive appliances eg washing machines

27

Define water surplus?

Where the supply of water exceeds demand

28

Define water deficit?

Where the demand for water exceeds supply

29

Wher in the UK is there a water surplus?

The north and west

30

Where in the UK is there a water deficit?

The south and east