What is a resource?
A stock or a supply of something that has a value or purpose
What are the 3 resources people need?
How many people does the World Health Organisation (WHO) estimate fall below the 2000-2400 calories per day needed to live healthily?
Over one billion
What is undernutrition?
A poorly balance diet lacking in vitamins and minerals
How many people suffer from undernutrition according to the World Health Organisation?
In which continent are most undernourished people concentrated?
Name some reasons why water is so important?
Irrigating crops (agriculture)
How many countries does the UN estimate will face water scarcity by 2025?
In HICs which sector uses the greatest proportion of water?
In LICs which sector uses the greatest proportioin of water?
Why is world energy consumption increasing?
Countries are developing leading to increased demand
How much has global energy consumption increased since 1970?
More than double
Which group of countries are seeing the fastest increase in the demand for energy?
Name a region with little or no water scarcity?
Name a region with physical water scarcity?
Why does the UK import so much food?
Cheaper from abroad
UK food can be expensive
UK climate unsuitable for some food types eg bananas
Demand for seasonal produce all year
Demand for more choice
What are food miles?
The distances travelled by food imported into the UK
How does food production generate a carbon footprint?
Emission of carbon dioxide from the energy used in commercial cultivation and transport by planes and lorries
What is food security?
Reducing your dependence on imported food and growing more food in the UK
What is agribusiness?
Intensive large scale farming aimed at maximising the amount of food produced
What are the charactreristics of agribusinesses?
High levels of investment
Modern technology used
Chemical fertilisers used
What is organic produce?
Food grown withouit the use of chemicals
Lynford House Farm is an agribusiness in East Anglia. Name its main features?
Flat intensively farmed land
Grows wheat, sugar beet and potatoes to make use of the climate
Chemical pesticides and fertilisers used
High machinery costs but low number of actual workers
Has built a 54 million litre reservoir to store water
Riverford Organic Farm in Devon delivers boxes of vegetables to consumers. Name its main features?
Reduce food miles
Support local farmers
Provide local employment
Strong link between producer and consumer
How much of the UKs water supply is used for domestic purposes?
Why will demand for water in the UK rise by 5% by 2020?
More houses being built
More water intensive appliances eg washing machines
Define water surplus?
Where the supply of water exceeds demand
Define water deficit?
Where the demand for water exceeds supply
Wher in the UK is there a water surplus?
The north and west
Where in the UK is there a water deficit?
The south and east