The Civil War And Oliver Cromwell Flashcards Preview

History Y8 > The Civil War And Oliver Cromwell > Flashcards

Flashcards in The Civil War And Oliver Cromwell Deck (11)
Loading flashcards...

What was in the new model army and how was it different from a regular army?

Parliament had more money so they could create the new model Army. In this there was better training, they had better resources to fight with (stronger horses),there were more disciplined, they had better tactics and were paid more! Because they were paid more more people wanted to fight for that army


Was Oliver Cromwell a hero or a villain: hero part one

He believed in giving people freedom.
"Cromwells soldiers believed in quarter "
Means to end violence – violence will eventually lead to peace.
Allows people to vote and starts to make England a democracy . By getting rid of the King.


Was Oliver Cromwell a hero or a villain: hero part two

Dresses and behaves royally
Defended peoples freedom of worship
Good leader ( military)
Determined soldier and doesn't give up


Was Oliver Cromwell a hero or a villain: hero part three

He was a popular leader – this is for a reason!
He negotiated the Charles to bring life back to normal pace
He tried to talk to the levellers instead of killing them
He always tried to give his soldiers the best catholic life


Was Oliver Cromwell a hero or a villain: villain part one

He killed "2000 men "in a battle to "stop bloodshed "and "forbid them to spare any people "
He crushed anyone that came in his way
He killed 1000 people in church
The words "no quarter "went round (meaning that if they surrendered, they would spare them)
Kills women and children


Was Oliver Cromwell a hero or a villain: villain part two

He wants more power by getting rid of the king
Got rid of rump parliament – just like Charles
Not talking to the people
Wasn't chose to be Lord protector
Cromwell bribed the army
Dresses and behaves royally
His son would become Lord protector after him like a Monarch
He was scared of the Royalists so used violence to stop him


Was Oliver Cromwell a hero or a villain: villain part three

Punished soldiers harshly for misbehaving
He signed the kings death warrant
Cromwell forced others to sign the kings death warrant
Does not spare anyone who rebels


The Battle of Marston Moor

Marston Moor was one of the battles of the English Civil War. It began at 4 o'clock in the morning on 2 July 1644. The reason why this battle took place to begin with was because the
parliamentarians tried to take York because it was one of the king of England's, Charles I, strongholds. The king then sent a letter to his nephew (prince Rupert) because Charles needed help with York and getting rid of the parliamentarians. Roughly after the letter was sent, Prince Rupert marched his army into Yorkshire.


What do you think the least important reason is to why there was a civil war?

I think that is the least important reason to why there was a war is that Elizabeth encouraged her sailors to rob Spanish ships for treasures because all pirates are trying to steal that from the Spanish ships and it was not evident that it was just Elizabeth doing this and I don't think that it matters that they didn't fight together with France.


Who won at Marston Moor

The parliamentarians won over the Royalists


Edge hill

The Battle of Edgehill was the first main battle of the English Civil War. The Battle of Edgehill was fought on October 23rd 1642.On the night of October 22nd, 1642, men from both armies stumbled upon one another at the village of Wormleighton near Warwick.
The battle ended with no obvious victor or vanquished. The shortened October day ended the battle with both sides losing about 1,500 men – primarily infantrymen. Both sides claimed a victory. Essex prepared to continue the battle on the next day but decided otherwise when it became obvious that his men were exhausted. He withdrew his men to Warwick. The same was true for the Royalist force – exhaustion meant that it was not capable of continuing the battle.