Elizabeth 1 and the causes of the civil war Flashcards Preview

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What was Elizabeth's religion

Protestant but let Catholics worship privately


What were Elizabeth's love interests

William of Orange, Robert Dudley, Philip of Spain, Francis, duke of alencon, Eric of Sweden


Did Elizabeth marry?



What was Mary queen of Scots full name

Mary stuart


Who was Mary's first husband?

Mary's first husband was Francis 2 of France (m. 1558-1560) who died in 1560 of an ear infection


Who was Mary's 2nd husband

Mary's 2nd husband, Lord Darnley (m. 1565-1567) was assassinated on February 10 1570


Who was Mary's 3rd husband

Her 3rd husband, 4th earl of bithwell (m. 1567-1578) allegedly kidnapped and raped her, was involved in her 2nd husbands murder, and than married her, before being imprisoned, going insane and dying in 1578


When was mQoS born and when did she die

Born: December 8, 1542
Died: February 8, 1587


Who was Mary Queen of Scots family?

Mary was daughter of James Stuart and Mary of guise. This made her cousins to Mary Tudor, Elizabeth Tudor, Edward Tudor and Jane grey


The Babington Plot

A letter eligible showing Mary endorsing bibington plot to murder Elizabeth


The Spanish Armada :

Elizabeth encouraged her sailors to rob Spanish ships, full of treasures from the new world


The Spanish Armada:

Elizabeth chose not to marry Philip (who had been marries to her sister Mary 1)


The Spanish Armada:

England was Protestant, Spain was catholic. Philip was angry about the Elizabethan religious settlement.


The Spanish Armada:

Elizabeth faced many plots during her reign; Spain was involved in a lot of them


The Spanish Armada:
The Dutch

Elizabeth had helped the Protestant Dutch rebel against the Catholic Spanish rule; in 1585 he sent English troops to support the Dutch in their fight against Spain


The Spanish armada:
Mary Queen of Scots

Philip was very angry that, in 1587, Elizabeth had decided to execute the catholic Mary Queen of Scots


The Spanish armada:

England and Spain often fight for France together, but there was a civil war in France and the common enemy was left a threat.


What do YOU think the most important reason is to why there was a war?

Because Elizabeth chose not to marry Philip. This can personally hurt him a lot and as of this he wanted to get revenge. However Elizabeth is to blame for it as of all of her bad choices which added up to a war


Short term causes of the civil war:

In 1642, Charles 1 and his army went to Parliament to arrest his five biggest critics.
1640 Charles 1 calls Parliament to ask for money to fight the Scots.


Short-term causes of the civil war:

Laud changes church of England services. He introduces candles, music and statues that the puritans head.
In 1639 the Scots attack England because they do not like the religious changes. Charles 1 has no army or money to fight.
In 1633 Charles 1 appoints William Laud Archbishop of Canterbury. Laud dislikes Puritans.


Long-term causes of the civil war:
Charles's personality

Like James 1, Charles 1 believes that kings get their power from God and must be a obeyed
From 1629 Charles 1 rules without Parliament despite needing money.


Short-term causes of the civil war:

Charles 1 for costly wars with Spain ( 1625 ) and France ( 1628 ). He lost both.
Charles 1needs a lot of money. In 1634 he forces people to pay special tax called 'ship money'. Refusal to pay Led to imprisonment
in return for money to fight the Scots, Parliament order Stratford's execution and laud's imprisonment


Long-term causes of the civil war: James I

The status of the monarchy had started to decline under the reign of James I. He was known as the "Wisest for in Christendom "James was a firm believer in the "divine right of kings ". James expected Parliament to do as he wanted he did not expect them to argue with any of his decisions. In 1621 James re-called Parliament to discuss the future marriage of his son, Charles, to a Spanish princess. Parliament was out raged.


Long-term causes of the civil war: Charles I

The English Civil War has many causes but the personality of Charles I must be counted as one of the major reasons. Few people could have predicted that the civil war, that started in 1642, would have ended with the public execution of Charles. His most famous opponent in this war was Oliver Cromwell - One of the men who had signed the death warrant of Charles. No king had ever been executed in England and the execution of Charles was not greeted with joy.