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Flashcards in The Earth and Beyond Deck (34)
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1

What is our nearest star?

The sun

2

How many planets are in our solar system?

8

3

What covers most of the earth?

Water

4

What do we call the pieces of dry land between the oceans?

Continents

5

What do we call the layer of air around the earth?

The atmosphere

6

What does the atmosphere protect us from?

Dangerous rays from the sun

7

What is the name of the only planet that has plants and animals?

Earth

8

What is often referred to as the "Blue Planet"?

Earth

9

What do we call the imaginary line around which the Earth spins?

The Earth's axis

10

How many planets are between the Earth and the sun?

Two - Mercury and Venus

11

What do we call the spinning of the Earth?

Rotation

12

How long does one rotation of the Earth take?

24 hours

13

In which two ways does the Earth move?

Rotates around its axis and revolves around the sun

14

How long does it take the Earth to revolve around the sun?

365 days

15

What do we call the imaginary line that divides the Earth into Northern and Southern halves?

The Equator

16

What do call the part of the Earth to the north of the equator?

The Northern Hemisphere

17

What shape is the Earth?

Spherical

18

What is different about the rock at the centre of the Earth?

It is hot and molten

19

What do we call areas of land surrounded by water?

Islands

20

What do we call the surroundings in which a creature lives?

Its habitat

21

Name some features of the Earth

Land with mountains and valleys, water in dams, lakes, rivers and oceans.

22

What do we call the path of a planet around the sun?

Its orbit

23

Name the planets in our solar system, in increasing order of distance from the sun.

Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune

24

What are differences between stars and planets?

Stars are burning gas, while planets are rock or cold gas. Stars give off their own light, while planets reflect light. Stars twinkle, while the light of planets is steady

25

How many times bigger than the Earth is the sun?

110 times

26

Describe the surface of the moon?

Rocky with craters. No water or gas.

27

What does the moon revolve around?

The Earth

28

Name some phases of the moon.

new moon, crescent moon, half moon, gibbous moon, full moon

29

What do we call the dents on the moon?

Craters

30

What do we call the changing pattern of sunlight on the moon?

Phases of the moon