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Flashcards in The Erie Doctrine Deck (17)
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1

What does 28 USC 1652 state in regards to which law applies to diversity jurisdiction?

Laws of the several states will apply to diversity jurisdiction

2

What is the timeline of cases for the Erie Doctrine as it stands today?

1) Swift
2) Erie
3) York
4) Klaxon
5) Byrd
6) Hanna

3

How was federal law treated under Swift?

Federal General Common Law was treated as its own state in that they applied their own law.

4

How was state law used under Swift?

It was used for procedural issues

5

What was the goal of the court under Erie?

To remove forum shopping

6

What law should a federal court sitting in diversity jurisdiction exercise?

The law of state in which it sits

7

What did Erie do with federal general common law?

It removed it

8

What is the Outcome-determinative test from Guaranteed Trust?

If the outcome would change in any way, shape, or form because it was filed in federal court rather than state court, than the state law will be used.

9

What type of issue is statute of limitations?

Quasi-procedural: It effects substantive issues, but also procedural issues as well

10

What law should be applied for a substantive, procedural and quasi-procedural issue under Guaranteed Trust?

Substantive--> State
Quasi-Pro --> State
Purely Procedural --> Federal

11

What is the rule for applying Conflicts of Laws from Klaxon?

If another state hears something that occurred within a different state, governed by that states law, then they will apply the law of the state where the injured occurred..

12

What is the rule from Byrd?

Where there is a strong federal policy in place on a procedural issue, a federal court sitting in diversity will apply the federal rule rather than the state law.

13

What is Certification?

Federal court asks the state court to advise them on how to decide a case of state law.

14

Byrd Analysis

Used for a conflict between a federal practice and a state law
1) Is the conflicting state law so bound up with the states definition of the rights or obligations of the parties?
IF YES - STATE LAW
IF NO - Even if the state law is not bound up, would its application determine the outcome of the case?
IF NO- FEDERAL PRACTICE
IF YES- Apply state law, but ask: Are there any affirmative countervailing considerations of federal judicial administration present?
IF YES - FEDERAL PRACTICE
IF NO - STATE LAW

15

Hanna Part 1 test

Two considerations:
1) Would the difference between state and federal lead a party to forum shop between them?
2) Would applying one or the other lead to inequitable administration of the laws?
IF EITHER 1 OR 2 IS YES, STATE LAW APPLIES

16

Federal Statute vs. State law conflict test

Is the federal statute constitutional under Article I, Section 8?
IF YES, APPLY IT.

17

Hanna Part II test

Applies to a conflict between a Federal Rule of Civil Procedure and a state law
CONSIDER: Is the federal rule being considered valid or constitutional under the Rules Enabling Act (28 USC 2072)?
1) Does the federal rule regulate practice and procedure (2072(a))?
2) Does the federal rule abridge or modify a substantive right (2072(b))?
IF YES ON 1 AND NO ON 2, APPLY FRCP, IF NOT, APPLY STATE LAW.