The Fall of the Roman Empire TEST Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in The Fall of the Roman Empire TEST Deck (30)
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1

330 AD

Constantine moves the capital to Byzantium and legalizes Christianity. This prolonged the survival of the Eastern Roman Emperor (Byzantine Empire).

2

378 AD

The Battle of Adrianople: A battle between Rome and the Visigoths. The Visigoths defeated the Romans. It was the Romans' first time being defeated in 900 years and the emperor was killed. This win encouraged the Germans to attack the Romans more.

3

410 AD

Sack of Rome: The Germans were led by Alaric to defeat the Western Roman Empire.

4

476 AD

Romulus Augustulus was removed from the throne by the Germans. This was the last Roman to sit on the throne.

5

Julius Caesar

Major Roman dictator/ leader and general in the 1st century BC; treated lower class well; assassinated by the Senate; his successor became emperor

6

Diocletian

Roman emperor in the late 3rd century AD; made a lot of reforms that made the Western Roman Empire last 200 years longer than expected; claimed descent from a Roman god that restored appeal in the throne; limited religious freedoms; major reform was dividing the empire

7

Constantine

Roman emperor in the early 4th century AD; reunited the empire; moved capital to Byzantium; converted to Christianity and made it legal

8

285 AD

Diocletian splits the empire (West/East)

9

Alaric

Visigoth general; led Sack of Rome

10

Attila the Hun

Led Hun invasions/attacks

11

Reason for kingdom to republic

The Romans didn't like the last king so they decided to change to a republic where they could choose their leaders; many people ruling

12

Reason for republic to empire

Lower class Romans wanted Caesar's successor to rule so they won the civil war and made him emperor

13

Kingdom vs. empire

kingdom= smaller, same ethnicities, one king

empire= bigger, different ethnicities, one emperor

14

Pax Romana

"Roman peace" in Latin; 200 years (27 BC-180 AD); trade routes were safer; Christianity was spread quicker; good emperors

15

Broad categories of external/internal reasons why the Western Roman Empire started:

Military, economic, political, and social

16

Who was responsible for the final collapse of the Western Roman Empire? What did the Romans call them?

Huns + Germans = BARBARIANS

17

State of Western Europe after the collapse of the Roman Empire

DARK AGES = 500-750 AD; anarchy; no education; language corruption; Law of Barbarians; cities destroyed; bartering; "strong men"; multiple chiefs; roads decay

18

When did Christianity become legal in the empire?

When Constantine converted; Byzantine Empire

19

Legacy of the Roman Empire

Anything they left behind that had a lasting impact; written law; architecture; roads; Romance Languages

20

Roman innovations

Roads, concrete, dome, aqueducts, arches

21

Significance of statues and mosaic art

Showcase culture; represent Roman values

22

Significance of roads

HELPED ARMY MAINTAIN CONTROL IN THE EMPIRE; made trade easier; transportation; spread culture; spread religions (especially Christianity)

23

Significance of Latin inscription

United the empire b/c everyone spoke and understood Latin; produced Romance languages

24

dome

Architectural innovation; practical

25

aqueduct

Allowed cities to be located away from water sources; bridges that transport water to cities

26

republic

Citizens choose leaders

27

inflation

Value of money decreases; prices increase

28

civilization

Organized society; government; writing

29

reform

Improvements made to a civilization by its rulers

30

cult

religion practiced by a small group of people where they worship one person or object