Flashcards in The Fall of the Roman Empire TEST Deck (30)
Constantine moves the capital to Byzantium and legalizes Christianity. This prolonged the survival of the Eastern Roman Emperor (Byzantine Empire).
The Battle of Adrianople: A battle between Rome and the Visigoths. The Visigoths defeated the Romans. It was the Romans' first time being defeated in 900 years and the emperor was killed. This win encouraged the Germans to attack the Romans more.
Sack of Rome: The Germans were led by Alaric to defeat the Western Roman Empire.
Romulus Augustulus was removed from the throne by the Germans. This was the last Roman to sit on the throne.
Major Roman dictator/ leader and general in the 1st century BC; treated lower class well; assassinated by the Senate; his successor became emperor
Roman emperor in the late 3rd century AD; made a lot of reforms that made the Western Roman Empire last 200 years longer than expected; claimed descent from a Roman god that restored appeal in the throne; limited religious freedoms; major reform was dividing the empire
Roman emperor in the early 4th century AD; reunited the empire; moved capital to Byzantium; converted to Christianity and made it legal
Diocletian splits the empire (West/East)
Visigoth general; led Sack of Rome
Attila the Hun
Led Hun invasions/attacks
Reason for kingdom to republic
The Romans didn't like the last king so they decided to change to a republic where they could choose their leaders; many people ruling
Reason for republic to empire
Lower class Romans wanted Caesar's successor to rule so they won the civil war and made him emperor
Kingdom vs. empire
kingdom= smaller, same ethnicities, one king
empire= bigger, different ethnicities, one emperor
"Roman peace" in Latin; 200 years (27 BC-180 AD); trade routes were safer; Christianity was spread quicker; good emperors
Broad categories of external/internal reasons why the Western Roman Empire started:
Military, economic, political, and social
Who was responsible for the final collapse of the Western Roman Empire? What did the Romans call them?
Huns + Germans = BARBARIANS
State of Western Europe after the collapse of the Roman Empire
DARK AGES = 500-750 AD; anarchy; no education; language corruption; Law of Barbarians; cities destroyed; bartering; "strong men"; multiple chiefs; roads decay
When did Christianity become legal in the empire?
When Constantine converted; Byzantine Empire
Legacy of the Roman Empire
Anything they left behind that had a lasting impact; written law; architecture; roads; Romance Languages
Roads, concrete, dome, aqueducts, arches
Significance of statues and mosaic art
Showcase culture; represent Roman values
Significance of roads
HELPED ARMY MAINTAIN CONTROL IN THE EMPIRE; made trade easier; transportation; spread culture; spread religions (especially Christianity)
Significance of Latin inscription
United the empire b/c everyone spoke and understood Latin; produced Romance languages
Architectural innovation; practical
Allowed cities to be located away from water sources; bridges that transport water to cities
Citizens choose leaders
Value of money decreases; prices increase
Organized society; government; writing
Improvements made to a civilization by its rulers