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Flashcards in The Feamle Reproductive System Deck (34)
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1

what does the basic structure consist of?

- primary sex organs: the ovaries
- ducts/tubules: Fallopian tubes or oviducts
- accessory organs : uterus and vagina
- external genitalia: vulva

2

What is the functions of the Fallopian tube?

Epithelium helps to move ovum towards the uterus

3

What is the function of the uterus?

Protects developing foetus during pregnancy

4

What is the function of the ovary?

- germinal epithelium produces primary follicles that develop into the ova

- ovaries produce ova and oestrogen and progesterone.

5

What are the three layers of the uterus wall?

- loose connective tissue
- middle layer
- Inner mucous membrane

6

What is the function of the loose connective tissue?

Support and protection

7

What is the function of the middle layer?

Induce uterine contractions during childbirth

8

What is the inner mucous membrane?

Where implantation occurs

9

What is the function of the endometrium?

Thickens during menstrual cycle and is ready for the implantation of a blastocyst

10

What is the cervix?

Thick muscular canal found at base of uterus, that contain glands

11

What is a vagina?

Thin muscular tube.
Receives the penis during sexual intercourse
Acts as birth canal during childbirth

12

What's is the vulva?

The open opening of the vagina

13

What is the structure of the ovary?

- germinal epithelium
- cortex and medulla (internally divided into)
- follicle, forms one ovum

14

What happens to corpus lutem when fertilisation does not occur?

- anterior pituitary gland produces LH
- LH stimulates corpus luteum to produce progesterone
-ovum(secondary oocyte) degenerates
-

15

What is the internal structure of the ovary?

- germinal epithelium
- primordial follicle
- primary follicle
- primary ovum
- secondary follicle
-fully mature Graafian follicle
- early corpus luteum
-corpus luteum
- corpus albicans

16

What is purpose of germinal epithelium?

Forms primordial follicles, during embryonic development

17

What is the primordial follicle?

The stage of development of follicles in ovaries when she is born. Follicle pauses until puberty

18

What is primary follicle?

First stage in follicle development, when follicle continue to develop after puberty.

19

What is the primary ovum?

First stage in the development of the ovum?

20

What is the secondary follicle?

Developmental stages of the follicle from primary follicle to Graafian follicle

21

What is mature Graafian follicle

A mature ovarian follicle containing an immature ovum

22

What is a fully mature Graafian follicle?

Burst to release immature ovum. Process is ovulation, controlled by LH hormone

23

What is early corpus luteum?

Fills with cells containing a yellow substance known as corpus luteum

24

What is function of corpus luteum?

Secretes progesterone which causes changes on the endometrium and prevents shedding of endometrium

25

What is corpus albicans?

When production of progesterone is over, corpus luteum degenerates.

26

What is the function of oestrogen?

Development of secondary charcteristics
Stimulating rebuilding of endometrium after menstruation

27

What is function of progesterone?

Causes endometrium to thicken, in prep for receiving fertilised ovum

28

Which hormone is responsible for controlling oogenesis?

FSH

29

What is the name of the gland that secretes FSH?

Pituitary gland

30

What is the name of the STRUCTURE responsible for secreting hormone oestrogen?

Graafian follicle