The GI System Flashcards Preview

Systemic Pathology II > The GI System > Flashcards

Flashcards in The GI System Deck (22)
Loading flashcards...
1

Palatoschisis

Developmental abnormality that occurs in young animals causing aspiration pneumonia

2

Choanal atresia

A developmental abnormality most common in alpacas and llamas that involves the choanae not opening and causes the inability to breath and suckel at the same time leading to inadequate nutrition and aspiration pneumonia.

3

Brachygnathia

Overbite..aka short jaw

4

Prognathia

Underbite..aka long jaw

5

Segmental enamel hypoplasia

Non-congenital developmental abnormality that occurs in dogs infected with canine distemper at less than 6 months wehre injury to the enamel leads to interruption of its formation.

6

Tooth discoloration

A non-congenital developmental abnormality that is associated with tetracyclines , porphyria, or fluorosis.

7

Gingivitis/stomatitis

A non-infectious, inflammatory condition that involves halitosis, reddened, proliferative gingiva, and cause vesicles/papules/erosions/ulceration gums.

8

Periodontal disease

a non-infectious, inflammatory condition that is common in dogs/cats and involves the accumulation of periodontal bacteria plaque leading to gingivitis, atrophy of periodontal stroma, recession, loss of tooth attachment, and osteomyelitis.

9

Abnormal wearing of teeth

A non-infectious, inflammatory condition that involves ruminants, camelids, and horses and can cause ill thrift due to unchewed grain in the stomach.

10

Infundibular Impaction

A non-infectious, inflammatory condition that involves the impaction of food in the infundibulum of the tooth and most commonly occurs in horses and cattle. It can cause bacterial infections, demineralization, and acid production.

11

Feline Lymphocytic/Plasmacytic stomatitis complex

A noninfectious, inflammatory condition that is caused by FIV/FeLV, calicivirus, hypersensitivity,or trauma. It involves severe ulcerative lesion s packed with lymphocytes and chronic inflammation.

12

Feline Eosinophilic Granuloma (Rodent Ulcer)

A noninfectious, inflammatory condition common in cats, but sometimes dogs where the lips are affected and caused by hypersensitivity. Infiltrates of eosinophils and macrophages in area.

13

Uremic Stomatitis

A noninfectious, inflammatory condition caused by chronic renal disease-chronic uremia where the urea is converted to ammonia which produces ulcers.

14

Vesicular Stomatides

An infectious, inflammatory condition that is reportable and infects production animals. It involves papules/ulcerations throughout mouth and can go to other organs as well. It is not fatal, but cause economic loss.

15

What are the diseases that fall under vesicular stomatides and what are their causes?

Foot and Mouth: Picornavirus: Ruminants/Pigs

Vesicular stomatitis: Rhabdo virus: ruminants (especially calves) /pigs/horses

Vesicular exanthema of swine (indistinguishable from F & M): Calici virus

Swine vesicular disease: Entero virus

16

How does vesicular stomatides present histologically?

Cell swelling due to ballooning degeneration and cell death

17

Erosive/ulcerative stomatides

An infectious, inflammatory condition that is a highly pathogenic systemic disease in ruminants and is cause by BVD and feline calcicirus. It looks like vesicular stomatides, but no vesicles.

18

Wooden tongue

An infectious,inflammatory condition caused by actinobacillus lignieresii that causes glossitis.

19

Lumpy Jaw

An infectious, inflammatory condition that is caused by actinomyces bovis and involves chronic pyogranulomatous osteomyelitis with new bone formation.

20

Calf Diphtheria

An infectious, inflammatory condition caused by fusibacterium necrophorum

21

Thrush

An infectious, inflammatory condition caused by Candida albicans secondary to antibiotic use, high glucose or immunodeficiency. Common in foals and birds.

22

Papular Stomatitis

An infectious, inflammatory condition caused by the Parapox virus.