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Systems Neuroscience > The History of Neuroscience > Flashcards

Flashcards in The History of Neuroscience Deck (17):
1

Trepanning

Boring holes in skulls 5000-10000 years ago

2

Hippocrates

Dissected sheep brain and determined that the brain was responsible for processing smell and was the seat of intelligence

3

Central Nervous System

Brain, spinal cord, brain stem and cerebellum

4

Phrenology

Pseudoscience where different areas of the brain were said to have different effects based on size. A phrenological chart would be used to diagnose patients

5

Paul Broca

Studies the brain and discovered damage at Broca's area in guy with language impairment

6

Wernicke's Patient

Couldn't receive language but could produce it

7

5 Levels of Neuroscience

Molecular neuroscience, cellular neuroscience, systems neuroscience, behavioural neuroscience and cognitive neuroscience.

8

Nissl

Stains the rough endoplamsic reticulum

9

Golgi Stain

Stains randomly to reveal whole cell and appendages

10

Recurrent Collateral

When axons branch back to cell body

11

Exon

Region of DNA that codes for protein

12

Introns

Don't code for protein but still important.

13

Splicing

Cutting out introns, occurs with mRNA (just exons)

14

Pyruvate/Pyruvic Acid

Feed the mitochondria from broken down fat, sugars and protein to form ATP, 02 and CO2

15

Microfilaments

Actin, most common, 5 nm in diamterer

16

Neurofilament

Continually produced in alzheimers until the neuron explodes (leaving tangles). 10 nm in diameter

17

Microtubule

20 nm in diameter