Flashcards in the industrial period Deck (38)
why was there lots of disease in ths period/
back to back housing
what was the main theory of cause of disease?
spontaneous generation= germs produced in rotting flesh
what did edward jenner do?
saw that milkmaids who had caugth cow pox were immune to smallpox
what factors imfluenced jenners life/
chance and government
how did chance factor in jenners life ?
he was lucky to spot that the milkmaids/people who had caughtcow pox couldnt get smallpox also
how did the governmnt affect jennners life?
they gave him £50000 to fund his work. the us also helped fund him
what were the obstacles jenner faced/
doctors disliked this cheap new methods
peole feard a disease froma cow was dangerous
he couldnt yet explain his ideas
what was the short term impact of jenner?
saved lived and inroduced a new way to prevent disease
what was jenners long term impact/
he was the first immuniser and he became the basic of pasteurs ideas
vaccines became compulsary in the 19th century
what were the four steps of louis pasteurs theory?
bacteria is in the air and all around
bacteria caused things to decay
flied lay eggs in decaying matter which hatch into maggots
what did pasteur disprove?
how did communcation affect pasteur?
his ideas were published and thus spread quickly
how did attitiudes and beliefs affect pasteur?
they could now SEE the germs so it was accepted
no more miasma
how did technology aid pasteur?
the new glass microscope helped his to see the germs
what science helped pasteur?
germ theory + sciece of food + lots of experiments helped
what wars affected pasteur?
rivalry between france and germany lead to pasteur vx kock. Franco-prussian war
what other individuals were around at the time of pastur?
were the govermnt on side with the germ theory
what did koch do?
discovered a way of extracting bacteria. he could alos stain them
what factors influenced koch`/
how did science affect koch?
powerful microscopes lead to study of microorganisms
how did war affect kock?
the franco-prussian war lead to rivalry between his and pasteur and spured him on
how did the governent factor in knchs life?
they gave him a full time job researching
what obstacles did koch face?
everyone believed in spontaneous genration, it had to be proved wrong
short term impact of koch?
idendtifyed germs that caused Tb and cholera, the big killer diseases in the 19th century
what was kochs long term impact/
provided a way for others to find cres for killer diseased saving lots of lives. paved the way for new cured in the 20th century
what did florence nigthingale do?
improved standards of army hospitals
what actors helped/influenced hightingales life/
how has the government helped nightingale?
she was snet by them to improve the standards of the hosptitals
how did war help nightingale?
the crimean war was where sheworked
how did religion help nighingale?
she believed god called her to be a nurse
what was florence nightingales shrt term impact/
brought death rates down
improved standards of hostpotals
helped design new wards
what was nightingales long term impact?
changed the way nurses were thought of and alowed hostptals to becaome cleaner and better
what did elizabeth garret anderson do?
set up medical practaces for wommen and gave them a voices
she fought to become a doctor
what factors influenced garren anderson?
who individuals affected garret andersons life?
florence and elizabeth blackwell
during this period how were ideas communicated
they were all published