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Flashcards in the industrial period Deck (38)
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1

why was there lots of disease in ths period/

no hygiene
back to back housing

2

what was the main theory of cause of disease?

miasma=bad air
spontaneous generation= germs produced in rotting flesh

3

what did edward jenner do?

saw that milkmaids who had caugth cow pox were immune to smallpox

4

what factors imfluenced jenners life/

chance and government

5

how did chance factor in jenners life ?

he was lucky to spot that the milkmaids/people who had caughtcow pox couldnt get smallpox also

6

how did the governmnt affect jennners life?

they gave him £50000 to fund his work. the us also helped fund him

7

what were the obstacles jenner faced/

doctors disliked this cheap new methods
peole feard a disease froma cow was dangerous
he couldnt yet explain his ideas

8

what was the short term impact of jenner?

saved lived and inroduced a new way to prevent disease

9

what was jenners long term impact/

he was the first immuniser and he became the basic of pasteurs ideas
vaccines became compulsary in the 19th century

10

what were the four steps of louis pasteurs theory?

bacteria is in the air and all around
bacteria caused things to decay
flied lay eggs in decaying matter which hatch into maggots

11

what did pasteur disprove?

miasma

12

how did communcation affect pasteur?

his ideas were published and thus spread quickly

13

how did attitiudes and beliefs affect pasteur?

they could now SEE the germs so it was accepted
no more miasma

14

how did technology aid pasteur?

the new glass microscope helped his to see the germs

15

what science helped pasteur?

germ theory + sciece of food + lots of experiments helped

16

what wars affected pasteur?

rivalry between france and germany lead to pasteur vx kock. Franco-prussian war

17

what other individuals were around at the time of pastur?

kock

18

were the govermnt on side with the germ theory

yes

19

what did koch do?

discovered a way of extracting bacteria. he could alos stain them

20

what factors influenced koch`/

science
war
government

21

how did science affect koch?

powerful microscopes lead to study of microorganisms

22

how did war affect kock?

the franco-prussian war lead to rivalry between his and pasteur and spured him on

23

how did the governent factor in knchs life?

they gave him a full time job researching

24

what obstacles did koch face?

everyone believed in spontaneous genration, it had to be proved wrong

25

short term impact of koch?

idendtifyed germs that caused Tb and cholera, the big killer diseases in the 19th century

26

what was kochs long term impact/

provided a way for others to find cres for killer diseased saving lots of lives. paved the way for new cured in the 20th century

27

what did florence nigthingale do?

improved standards of army hospitals

28

what actors helped/influenced hightingales life/

governemnt
war
religion

29

how has the government helped nightingale?

she was snet by them to improve the standards of the hosptitals

30

how did war help nightingale?

the crimean war was where sheworked

31

how did religion help nighingale?

she believed god called her to be a nurse

32

what was florence nightingales shrt term impact/

brought death rates down
improved standards of hostpotals
helped design new wards

33

what was nightingales long term impact?

changed the way nurses were thought of and alowed hostptals to becaome cleaner and better

34

what did elizabeth garret anderson do?

set up medical practaces for wommen and gave them a voices
she fought to become a doctor

35

what factors influenced garren anderson?

individuals
attitudes
governent

36

who individuals affected garret andersons life?

florence and elizabeth blackwell

37

during this period how were ideas communicated

they were all published

38

what new technology was developed during this period?

the glass microscope