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History 2 Vocab > The Islamic World > Flashcards

Flashcards in The Islamic World Deck (22)
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1

arcade

A series of arches supported by piers or columns.

2

Kaaba

Arabic, “cube.” A small cubical building in Mecca, the Islamic world’s symbolic center.

3

qibla

The direction (toward Mecca) Muslims face when praying.

4

imam

In Islam, the leader of collective worship.

5

minbar

In a mosque, the pulpit on which the imam stands.

6

mihrab

A semicircular niche set into the qibla wall of a mosque.

7

iwan

In Islamic architecture, a vaulted rectangular recess opening onto a courtyard.

8

Mosque

The Islamic building for collective worship. From the Arabic word masjid, meaning a “place for bowing down.”

9

Minaret

A distinctive feature of mosque architecture, a tower from which the faithful are called to worship.

10

Hypostyle hall

A hall with a roof supported by columns

11

Hijra

The flight of Muhammad from Mecca to Medina in 622, the year from which Islam dates its beginnings.

12

ziggurat

In ancient Mesopotamian architecture, a monumental platform for a temple.

13

engaged column

A half-round column attached to a wall

14

blind arcade

An arcade having no true openings, applied as decoration to a wall surface.

15

colonnette

A thin column.

16

calligraphy

Greek, “beautiful writing.” Handwriting or penmanship, especially elegant writing as a decorative art.

17

muqarnas

Stucco decorations of Islamic buildings in which stalactite-like forms break a structure’s solidity.

18

sultan

A Muslim ruler

19

madrasa

An Islamic theological college adjoining and often containing a mosque.

20

mosaic tilework

An Islamic decorative technique in which large ceramic panels are fired, cut into smaller pieces, and set in plaster.

21

Cuerda seca

A type of polychrome tilework used in decorating Islamic buildings.

22

enamel

A decorative coating, usually colored, fused onto the surface of metal, glass, or ceramics.