Flashcards in The Islamic World Deck (22)
A series of arches supported by piers or columns.
Arabic, “cube.” A small cubical building in Mecca, the Islamic world’s symbolic center.
The direction (toward Mecca) Muslims face when praying.
In Islam, the leader of collective worship.
In a mosque, the pulpit on which the imam stands.
A semicircular niche set into the qibla wall of a mosque.
In Islamic architecture, a vaulted rectangular recess opening onto a courtyard.
The Islamic building for collective worship. From the Arabic word masjid, meaning a “place for bowing down.”
A distinctive feature of mosque architecture, a tower from which the faithful are called to worship.
A hall with a roof supported by columns
The flight of Muhammad from Mecca to Medina in 622, the year from which Islam dates its beginnings.
In ancient Mesopotamian architecture, a monumental platform for a temple.
A half-round column attached to a wall
An arcade having no true openings, applied as decoration to a wall surface.
A thin column.
Greek, “beautiful writing.” Handwriting or penmanship, especially elegant writing as a decorative art.
Stucco decorations of Islamic buildings in which stalactite-like forms break a structure’s solidity.
A Muslim ruler
An Islamic theological college adjoining and often containing a mosque.
An Islamic decorative technique in which large ceramic panels are fired, cut into smaller pieces, and set in plaster.
A type of polychrome tilework used in decorating Islamic buildings.