Flashcards in Byzantium Deck (14)
A concave, triangular section of a hemisphere, four of which provide the transition from a square area to the circular base of a covering dome. Although pendentives appear to be hanging (pendant) from the dome, they in fact support it.
The art, territory, history, and culture of the Eastern Christian Empire and its capital of Constantinople (ancient Byzantium
The space reserved for the clergy and singers in the church, usually east of the transept but, in some instances, extending into the nave.
A group of buildings in which monks live together, set apart from the secular community of a town.
The church of a Christian monastery
The dining hall of a Christian monastery.
An almond-shaped nimbus surrounding the figure of Christ or other sacred figure. In Buddhist Japan, a lotus-petal-shaped nimbus.
The destruction of religious or sacred images. In Byzantium, the period from 726 to 843 when there was an imperial ban on such images. The destroyers of images were known as iconoclasts. Those who opposed such a ban were known as iconophiles.
A portrait or image; especially in Byzantine churches, a panel with a painting of sacred personages that are objects of veneration. In the visual arts, a painting, a piece of sculpture, or even a building regarded as an object of veneration.
One of the stacked cylindrical stones that form the shaft of a column. Also, the cylindrical wall that supports a dome.
Duke; a ruler of the Republic of Venice, Italy.
A shrine to a Christian martyr saint.
A three-paneled painting, ivory plaque, or altarpiece. Also, a small, portable shrine with hinged wings used for private devotion.