Flashcards in The Japanese And French Wars Deck (38):
When was Vietnam part of an area known as French Indo-China?
What did French Indo-China consist of?
Laos and Cambodia
The french had added these areas to their empire in the _____ century.
What population did French Indo-China have?, and how many of these lived in Vietnam?
A population of 25 Million,20 million of them lived in Vietnam.
Indo-China was rich in natural resources. It was the world's third largest grower of ____.'it also had ____,____,____.
Why was Japan so keen to extend its influence in South East Asia?
In order to gain control of the vital raw materials of Vietnam.
France's defeat in Europe in _____ gave Japan its chance to move in on Indo-China.
Why did the French agree to allow to allow the Japanese to occupy French Indo-China?
Because they could not defend their colony against a Japanese army of 35,000 and so had no choice.
The Japanese allowed the French to continue running Indo-China as .....
Japan could take whatever resources they needed for the war agaisnt China.
The Japanese ____ stripped all they could from the region.
What was the effect of the Japanese stripping everything from Indo-China?
The local population starve
Between one half to two _____ Vietnamese starved to death. But the Vietnamese did not wait for an event like this in order to organize ______.
In _____ two leading Vietnamese communists ______ and ______ set up the League for the Independence of Vietnam in Southern China.
Ho Chi Minh
Nguyen Vo Giap
Though Ho Chi Minh and Giap were communists, the Vietminh include ____ -______ organizations as well.
What was the aim of the Vietminh?
It was essentially a nationalist one to establish an independent Vietnam, free from foreign domination. This meant fighting both the Japanese and French.
When was Ho born, who was he son of?
In 1890 and he was the son of a peasant.
Ho became a school teacher but left Vietnam for _____ in 1911 as a kitchen boy on a ______ ship. He worked as a pastry cook in a London hotel and began to get interested in politics. He then spent ___ years in Paris. Ho was strongly opposed to French rule in his country but he _____ French culture.
Ho Chi Minh soon became a ______. At that time communist Russia promised to assist all peoples struggling to free themselves from _____ rule. He said it was _______ and not communism that originally inspired him. In _____ he founded the Indo-Chinese Communist Party.
Where were the Vietminh operating from?
The Vietminh also had the help of the American Intelligence Service,______________(OSS). The OSS trained and equipped the Vietminh during the war.
Organization of Strategic Services
When were the Vietminh able to begin guerrilla operations against the Japanese and French?
The Vietminh attacks were mostly small scale attacks against isolated French outposts but they were _______. Support for the Vietminh grew as a result and by early 1945 the Vietminh had about _____ guerrilla fighters under the command of Nguyen Vo Giap.
The Japanese tried to hard to hold onto Vietnam and in March 1945 they decided to get rid of the _____ altogether. French troops were _____ or ______ and French officials ________.
Disarmed or killed
The Japanese offered to set up an independent Vietnam,totally free from french _____.
Who did the Japanese appoint after they got rid of the French?
Bao Dai, the Emperor of Vietnam since 1925, as its leader
In August 1945 the Japanese surrendered and the and the _____ World War was over. The Japanese would have to withdraw from all countries of _____-____ Asia under their control.
The question was who would replace the ______ in Vietnam? Ho was determined it wouldn't be the Japanese or French.
Who replaced the French and Japanese?
The Vietminh took control of ____ and _____ in 1945.
In September 1945 Ho announced that Vietnam was an independent and ______ republic. The USA was sympathetic. The Americans didn't want to see colonial powers like France back in charge. They believed that the a Vietnamese and other ______ people had the right to rule themselves.
By December 1945 there were ________ French troops in Indo-China ready to complete the task of restoring French power there. The Vietminh were not strong in the ______ of Vietnam and French Commander claimed victory in 1946.
What was the name of the French Commander?
What mistake did Leclerc made?
The french could conquer Vietminh territory but they could not keep control of it. As soon as they moved on the Vietminh would return to the villages. Leclerc did not have enough troops to hold down the areas they had captured.
Ho Chi Minh traveled to France to work an agreement but suddenly negotiations broke down and they agreed on a ______.
In November 1946, the French broke the ceasefire and broke the ceasefire and launched a major attack against the Vietnam forces in ____. The following month fighting started in _____ as well.
The Vietminh retreated into the _____, 100 kilometers north of Hanoi and prepared for the guerrilla war. They were heavily outnumbered to begin with and there was little fighting until 1950. The important development in this time was ______ and not ______.
By 1950 the Americans' attitude to French rule in Vietnam was clear. The cold war with the Soviet Union meant that the USA would now _____ any country opposing the spread of ________.