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Flashcards in The Japanese And French Wars Deck (38):
1

When was Vietnam part of an area known as French Indo-China?

1939

2

What did French Indo-China consist of?

Laos and Cambodia

3

The french had added these areas to their empire in the _____ century.

19th

4

What population did French Indo-China have?, and how many of these lived in Vietnam?

A population of 25 Million,20 million of them lived in Vietnam.

5

Indo-China was rich in natural resources. It was the world's third largest grower of ____.'it also had ____,____,____.

Rice
Coal,Rubber,Corn

6

Why was Japan so keen to extend its influence in South East Asia?

In order to gain control of the vital raw materials of Vietnam.

7

France's defeat in Europe in _____ gave Japan its chance to move in on Indo-China.

1940

8

Why did the French agree to allow to allow the Japanese to occupy French Indo-China?

Because they could not defend their colony against a Japanese army of 35,000 and so had no choice.

9

The Japanese allowed the French to continue running Indo-China as .....

Japan could take whatever resources they needed for the war agaisnt China.

10

The Japanese ____ stripped all they could from the region.

Ruthlessly

11

What was the effect of the Japanese stripping everything from Indo-China?

The local population starve

12

Between one half to two _____ Vietnamese starved to death. But the Vietnamese did not wait for an event like this in order to organize ______.

Million
Resistance

13

In _____ two leading Vietnamese communists ______ and ______ set up the League for the Independence of Vietnam in Southern China.

1941
Ho Chi Minh
Nguyen Vo Giap

14

Though Ho Chi Minh and Giap were communists, the Vietminh include ____ -______ organizations as well.

Non-Communists

15

What was the aim of the Vietminh?

It was essentially a nationalist one to establish an independent Vietnam, free from foreign domination. This meant fighting both the Japanese and French.

16

When was Ho born, who was he son of?

In 1890 and he was the son of a peasant.

17

Ho became a school teacher but left Vietnam for _____ in 1911 as a kitchen boy on a ______ ship. He worked as a pastry cook in a London hotel and began to get interested in politics. He then spent ___ years in Paris. Ho was strongly opposed to French rule in his country but he _____ French culture.

Europe
French
6
Admired

18

Ho Chi Minh soon became a ______. At that time communist Russia promised to assist all peoples struggling to free themselves from _____ rule. He said it was _______ and not communism that originally inspired him. In _____ he founded the Indo-Chinese Communist Party.

Communist
Foreign
Patriotism
1929

19

Where were the Vietminh operating from?

China

20

The Vietminh also had the help of the American Intelligence Service,______________(OSS). The OSS trained and equipped the Vietminh during the war.

Organization of Strategic Services

21

When were the Vietminh able to begin guerrilla operations against the Japanese and French?

1944

22

The Vietminh attacks were mostly small scale attacks against isolated French outposts but they were _______. Support for the Vietminh grew as a result and by early 1945 the Vietminh had about _____ guerrilla fighters under the command of Nguyen Vo Giap.

Successful
5000

23

The Japanese tried to hard to hold onto Vietnam and in March 1945 they decided to get rid of the _____ altogether. French troops were _____ or ______ and French officials ________.

French
Disarmed or killed
Imprisoned

24

The Japanese offered to set up an independent Vietnam,totally free from french _____.

Control

25

Who did the Japanese appoint after they got rid of the French?

Bao Dai, the Emperor of Vietnam since 1925, as its leader

26

In August 1945 the Japanese surrendered and the and the _____ World War was over. The Japanese would have to withdraw from all countries of _____-____ Asia under their control.

Second
South East

27

The question was who would replace the ______ in Vietnam? Ho was determined it wouldn't be the Japanese or French.

Japanese

28

Who replaced the French and Japanese?

The Vietminh

29

The Vietminh took control of ____ and _____ in 1945.

Hanoi
Saigon

30

In September 1945 Ho announced that Vietnam was an independent and ______ republic. The USA was sympathetic. The Americans didn't want to see colonial powers like France back in charge. They believed that the a Vietnamese and other ______ people had the right to rule themselves.

Democratic
Asian

31

By December 1945 there were ________ French troops in Indo-China ready to complete the task of restoring French power there. The Vietminh were not strong in the ______ of Vietnam and French Commander claimed victory in 1946.

50,000
South

32

What was the name of the French Commander?

Le Clerc

33

What mistake did Leclerc made?

The french could conquer Vietminh territory but they could not keep control of it. As soon as they moved on the Vietminh would return to the villages. Leclerc did not have enough troops to hold down the areas they had captured.

34

Ho Chi Minh traveled to France to work an agreement but suddenly negotiations broke down and they agreed on a ______.

Ceasefire

35

In November 1946, the French broke the ceasefire and broke the ceasefire and launched a major attack against the Vietnam forces in ____. The following month fighting started in _____ as well.

Haipong
Hanoi

36

The Vietminh retreated into the _____, 100 kilometers north of Hanoi and prepared for the guerrilla war. They were heavily outnumbered to begin with and there was little fighting until 1950. The important development in this time was ______ and not ______.

Jungle
Political
Military

37

By 1950 the Americans' attitude to French rule in Vietnam was clear. The cold war with the Soviet Union meant that the USA would now _____ any country opposing the spread of ________.

Assist
Communism

38

Ho Chi Minh was a communist and so the Americans would do whatever they could to help the French defeat him. In July 1950 a month after the Korean War broke out-President _______ agreed to send the French supplies worth $15 million. In fact the USA was to spend $____billion in the next 3 years helping the French.

Truman
$3 Billion