Why was the League of Nations set up in 1919?
Wilson wanted it more than anything else
What treaty set up the League?
Treaty of Versailles
What were the four aims of the League?
Improve people's lives and jobs
Enforce the Treaty of Versailles
What happened when Wilson went back to America?
Senate refused to join the League of Nations or ratify the Treaty
Why did the Americans not want to join the League of Nations?
- Many American were German immigrants and hated the Treaty
- Americans did no want to get involved in European affairs because it might involve Americans dying in a war
- Americans did not want to get involved in European affairs because it might cost money
- Many Americans were anti-British and hated the British Empire (American revolution had been to get out of the British Empire)
How many countries joined the League in 1919?
How many members did the League have in 1930s?
Name three powerful countries which were not members of the League
USSR, USA, Germany
Why was Russia not a member of the League?
A Communist country, hated Britain and France
Why was Germany not a member of the League?
Not allowed to join by the Treaty
Who were the four main members of the League?
What four powers did the League have to enforce its decisions?
What did the League not have which made it hard for it to enforce its decisions?
What were the main parts of the League's organisation?
- Court of International Justice
- Health Committee
- International Labour Organisation
- Refugees Commission
- Mandates Commission
- Slavery Commission
How many times a year did the League's Assembly meet?
Once a year
How many times a year did the Council meet?
4-5 times a year, and when necessary
What did the Court of International Justice do?
Settled small disputes
What did the Health Committee of the League do?
Tried to improve health of the people of the world
What did the Slavery Committee do?
Tried to free all slaves
What did the Refugee Committee do?
Tried to get refugees home, or onto camps
What was the job of the Secretariat?
Organise the work of the committees and liaise between them
Which two countries were involved in the Corfu dipute of 1923?
Greece and Italy
Who was the leader of Italy?
Which two countries were involved in the Bulgaria incident of 1925?
Bulgaria and Greece
How many prisoners of war did the League get home?
Half a million
In which country did the League set up a refugee camp?
Which two diseases did the League try to destroy?
Leprosy and malaria
How did the League try to say no to drugs?
Closed down 4 Swiss drugs companies
How many slaves did the League set free?
Which two countries did the League send economics experts to?
Austria and Hungary
What did the Kellogg-Briand Pact promise in 1928?
To abolish war
How did Britain and France make Germany pay reparations in 1921?
Invaded the Ruhr
What did the League try to arrange at its disarmament conference?
All nations to reduce their weapons
Why did the Disarmament Conference of 1931 fail?
Hitler demanded equality with the other countries
Which country broke the Treaty of Versailles by attacking Russia in 1920?
What did the League's International Labour Organisation try to do?
48 hour week
Which country invaded Manchuria in 1931?
What was the economic depression of the 1930s?
- Wall Street (the US Stock Market) crashed
- USA called in loans
- Factories closed down
- People out of work/ starved
Why didn't France and Britain try to force Japan to leave Manchuria?
Did not want to go to war
Which country did Italy invade in 1935?
What did Britain and France secretly agree with Italy?
To let Italy have Abyssinia
What effect did the League's failure in Manchuria and Abyssinia have?
- Destroyed confidene in it
- Many countries left
List seven reasons the League failed