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Flashcards in The League of Nations Deck (44):
1

Why was the League of Nations set up in 1919?

Wilson wanted it more than anything else

2

What treaty set up the League?

Treaty of Versailles

3

What were the four aims of the League?

  1. Stop wards
  2. Improve people's lives and jobs
  3. Disarmament
  4. Enforce the Treaty of Versailles

4

What happened when Wilson went back to America?

Senate refused to join the League of Nations or ratify the Treaty

5

Why did the Americans not want to join the League of Nations?

  • Many American were German immigrants and hated the Treaty
  • Americans did no want to get involved in European affairs because it might involve Americans dying in a war
  • Americans did not want to get involved in European affairs because it might cost money
  • Many Americans were anti-British and hated the British Empire (American revolution had been to get out of the British Empire)

6

How many countries joined the League in 1919?

42

7

How many members did the League have in 1930s?

60

8

Name three powerful countries which were not members of the League

USSR, USA, Germany

9

Why was Russia not a member of the League?

A Communist country, hated Britain and France

10

Why was Germany not a member of the League?

Not allowed to join by the Treaty

11

Who were the four main members of the League?

  1. Britain
  2. France
  3. Italy
  4. Japan

12

What four powers did the League have to enforce its decisions?

  • covenant
  • condemnation
  • arbitration
  • sanctions

13

What did the League not have which made it hard for it to enforce its decisions?

An army

14

What were the main parts of the League's organisation?

  1. Secretariat
  2. Council
  3. Assembly
  4. Court of International Justice
  5. Health Committee
  6. International Labour Organisation
  7. Refugees Commission
  8. Mandates Commission
  9. Slavery Commission

15

How many times a year did the League's Assembly meet?

Once a year

16

How many times a year did the Council meet?

4-5 times a year, and when necessary

17

What did the Court of International Justice do?

Settled small disputes

18

What did the Health Committee of the League do?

Tried to improve health of the people of the world

19

What did the Slavery Committee do?

Tried to free all slaves

20

What did the Refugee Committee do?

Tried to get refugees home, or onto camps

21

What was the job of the Secretariat?

Organise the work of the committees and liaise between them

22

Which two countries were involved in the Corfu dipute of 1923?

Greece and Italy

23

Who was the leader of Italy?

Mussolini

24

Which two countries were involved in the Bulgaria incident of 1925?

Bulgaria and Greece

25

How many prisoners of war did the League get home?

Half a million

26

In which country did the League set up a refugee camp?

Turkey

27

Which two diseases did the League try to destroy?

Leprosy and malaria

28

How did the League try to say no to drugs?

Closed down 4 Swiss drugs companies

29

How many slaves did the League set free?

200,000

30

Which two countries did the League send economics experts to?

Austria and Hungary

31

What did the Kellogg-Briand Pact promise in 1928?

To abolish war

32

How did Britain and France make Germany pay reparations in 1921?

Invaded the Ruhr

33

What did the League try to arrange at its disarmament conference?

All nations to reduce their weapons

34

Why did the Disarmament Conference of 1931 fail?

Hitler demanded equality with the other countries

35

Which country broke the Treaty of Versailles by attacking Russia in 1920?

Poland

36

What did the League's International Labour Organisation try to do?

48 hour week

37

Which country invaded Manchuria in 1931?

Japan

38

What was the economic depression of the 1930s?

  • Wall Street (the US Stock Market) crashed
  • USA called in loans
  • Factories closed down
  • People out of work/ starved

39

Why didn't France and Britain try to force Japan to leave Manchuria? 

Did not want to go to war

40

Which country did Italy invade in 1935?

Abyssinia

41

What did Britain and France secretly agree with Italy?

To let Italy have Abyssinia

42

What effect did the League's failure in Manchuria and Abyssinia have?

  • Destroyed confidene in it
  • Many countries left

43

List seven reasons the League failed

  1. Weak
  2. America was not a part of it
  3. Bad structure of the organisations
  4. Dictators
  5. Unsuccessful
  6. Members
  7. 'Big Bullies'

44