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Flashcards in The leg Deck (24):
1

What is the function of the anterior compartment of the thigh?

Flex the hip
Extend the knee

2

What muscles are found within the anterior compartment of the thigh?

Iliopsoas
Sartorius
Rectus femoris
Vastus muscles

3

What nerve supplies the anterior compartment of the thigh?

Femoral nerve L2-L4

4

What is the function of the medial compartment of the thigh?

Adduct and externally rotate hip

5

What nerve supplies the medial compartment of the thigh?

Obturator nerve

6

What muscles are found within the medial compartment of the thigh?

Pectineus (femoral nerve)
Adductor brevis, longus and magnus
Gracilis
Obturator externus

7

What is the function of the posterior compartment of the thigh?

Extend the hip, flex the knee

8

What nerve supplies the posterior compartment of the thigh?

Tibial division of the sciatic nerve

9

What muscles are in the posterior compartment of the thigh?

Biceps femoris
Semitendinosus
Semimembranosus

10

What are the borders of the popliteal fossa?

Superior: Semitendinosus and semimembranosus (medial) and biceps femoris (lateral)
Inferior: medial and lateral heads of gastrocnemius
Floor: Capsule of knee
Roof: Deep fascia

11

What are the contents of the popliteal fossa?

Popliteal artery and vein
Tibial nerve
Common fibular nerve

12

What are the branches of the popliteal artery?

Anterior and posterior tibial arteries

13

What is the anterior tibial artery palpable as?

Dorsalis pedis

14

Where is the posterior tibial artery palpable?

Behind medial malleolus

15

What is the function of the posterior compartment of the leg?

Plantar flexion of the foot
Toe flexion
Foot inversion

16

What nerve supplies the posterior compartment of the leg?

Tibial nerve

17

What muscles are found within the posterior compartment of the leg?

Deep: Popliteus, flexor hallucis longus, flexor digitorum longus and Tibialis posterior

Superficial: Gastrocnemius, planters, soleus

18

What is the function of the lateral compartment of the leg?

Evert the foot

19

What nerve supplies the lateral compartment of the leg?

Superficial fibular nerve

20

What muscles are found within the lateral compartment of the leg?

Fibularis longus, fibularis brevis

21

What is the function of the anterior compartment of the leg?

Dorsiflexion of the foot
Extension of toes
Eversion of foot

22

What nerve supplies the anterior compartment of the leg?

Deep fibular nerve

23

What muscles are found within the anterior compartment of the leg?

Tibialis anterior
Extensor hallucis longus
Extensor digitorum longus
Fibula's tertius

24

What compartments are there in the leg?

Posterior compartment of the thigh
Medial compartment of the thigh
Anterior compartment of the thigh
Posterior compartment of the leg
Medial compartment of the leg
Anterior compartment of the leg