The Neuter Article and Adjective Agreement Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in The Neuter Article and Adjective Agreement Deck (15):
1

what is the neuter article?

lo

2

how can the neuter article be used?

with an adjective to form an abstract noun.
e.g. the ... thing.

3

e.g. of the neuter article in use...

the bad thing is that - lo malo es que

the main thing is that - lo fundimenal es

4

when using the neuter article (lo), what must the adjective which follows it always be?

masculine and singular

5

what must adjectives agree with?

must agree in gender and number with their noun.

6

where are adjectives usually placed?

after their noun, however there are some exceptions to this - these adjectives are placed before the noun and in singular, masculine form they loose their final -o.

7

which adjectives are exceptions, and are actually placed infront of their noun? (5)

- these exceptions also loose their final -o in masc and singular form.
alguno
malo
ninguno
primero
tercero

8

what is the adjective 'alguno' in each different form?

alguno = some
masc singular : algún
feminine singular : alguna
masc plural : algunos
fem plural : algunas

9

what is the adjective 'malo' in each different form?

malo = bad
masc singular : mal
feminine singular : mala
masc plural : malos
fem plural : malas

10

what is the adjective 'ninguno' in each different form?

ninguno = any
masc singular : ningún
feminine singular : ninguna
masc plural : no plural form
fem plural : no plural form

11

what is the adjective 'primero' in each different form?

primero = first
masc singular : primer
feminine singular : primera
masc plural : primeros
fem plural : primeras

12

what is the adjective 'tercero' in each different form?

tercero = third
masc singular : tercer
feminine singular : tercera
masc plural : terceros
fem plural : terceras

13

Why when adjectives change form to match their noun (become plural / masculine or feminine etc) do they sometimes gain an accent?

in order to keep the stress on the right syllable

14

How does the adjective 'grande' change to match its noun?

the adjective grande looses its -de when placed before a masculine or feminine singular noun
e.g. el gran hermano
e.g. una gran casa

15

as well as being used to describe nouns, what can adjectives do?

they themselves can be used as nouns
(this is the same in English)
e.g. they are Chilean - the Chileans have their own traditions