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BIO DEATH #4 > the PLAYERS > Flashcards

Flashcards in the PLAYERS Deck (18):
1

ardipithecus ramidus

4.4-5.0 mya
bipedal, tree climber, grasping with big toe, woodland omnivore, reduced canines, brain only 300-350 cm3

2

australopithecus anamensis

3.9-4.2 mya

3

A. afarensis

3-3.9 mya LUCY
all toes parallel to axis of foot, bipedality
4ft tall, sexually dimorphis?, projecting jaw, more muscular than humans. mixed bipedality and climbing.
brain size to body size growing

4

A. sidiba

1.8-2.0 mya
descendants from a africanus
shares more derived features with early homo species than other australopithecines

5

paranthropus robustus/noisei/aethiopicus

1.0-2.7 mya
sagittal crests, massive jaw and muscles and teeth
small brains
robust australopithecines

6

homo habilis

2.0-2.3 mya
brain size 650- 800cc

7

homo ergaster (erectus)

2.0-1.5 mya

8

H. erectus

.4- 1.2 mya
brain size 900-1200cc

9

H. neanderthalensis

.03-.4 mya

10

H. sapiens

present .2 mya
brain size 1200-1400cc

11

A africanus

2.5 mya
tang child
endocranial volume 490 cc forward for amen mangum

12

genus homo

habilis, ergaster, eretus, neanderthalensis, sapians
making and using stone tools, becoming more sophisticated over time

13

homo naledi

recently described early homo sapiens, age unknown

14

turkana boy

1.6 mya in kenya
10-12 years old
early erectus or ergaster
cranial capacity about 900cc, not quite modern.

15

java man

.75 mya

16

beijing man

.7 mya in chana, erectus

17

neanderthals

-400,000 to 40,000 yeas ago in Europe and western asia.
-prominent brow ridge, bulbous nose, sloping forehead and stocky build.
-occipital bun and jaw lines

18

AMH

smaller brow ridge, smaller eye sockets, smaller noses, flatter faces, rounder skulls