The Positive Functions of Crime Flashcards Preview

Functionalist, Strain and Subcultural Theories > The Positive Functions of Crime > Flashcards

Flashcards in The Positive Functions of Crime Deck (11):
1

What are the two important functions of crime?

Boundary maintenance and adaptation and change.

2

What does crime do for members of society? (BM)

Unites them in condemnation of the wrongdoer and reinforcing their commitment to the shared norms and values.

3

What is not the function of punishment? (BM)

To make the wrongdoer suffer or mend his ways, nor is it to remove crime from society.

4

What is the purpose of punishment? (BM)

Reaffirm society's shared rules and reinforce social solidarity.

5

What does the rituals of the courtroom do? (BM)

Dramatise wrongdoing and publicly shame and stigmatise the offender. This reaffirms the values of the law-abiding majority and discourages others from rule breaking.

6

What does all change start with? (AC)

An act of deviance.

7

What should not happen to individuals with new ideas? (AC)

Not be completely stifled by the weight of social control.

8

How what happen to when people try to challenge and change existing norms and values? (AC)

It will inevitably appear as deviance.

9

(Example) What does the authorities often persecute? (AC)

Religious visionaries who espouse a new 'message' or value system.

10

What may happen in the long run to people with new values? (AC)

Their values may give rise to a new culture and morality.

11

What will happen if those with new ideas are suppressed?

Society will stagnate and be unable to make necessary adaptive changes.