What is the present tense?
It is used to describe habits, unchanging situations, general truths, and fixed arrangements.
THE SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE IS USED:
- To express habits, general truths, repeated actions or unchanging situations, emotions and wishes:
I eat (habit); I work in London (unchanging situation); London is a large city (general truth)
- To give instructions or directions:
You walk for two hundred meters, then you turn left.
- To express fixed arrangements, present or future:
Your exam starts at 09.00 am
What about the present tense in Spanish?
Well, it works the same way. There are a few differences, though. Look at the comparison chart below:
They are the same: They are different:
1) a subject or subject 1) in Spanish you have
pronoun is need to three infinitives, in English
conjugate the verb you don't
(yo, tú, ud., él, ella, 2) the infinitive dictates what
nosotros, nosotras, set of conjugations you
ustedes, ellos, ellas) must use with the subject)
What is a conjugation?
The form of a verb in a language such as Spanish or English by which the form identifies the voice, mood, tense, number, and person. For example,
1) to speak (unconjugated verb)
2) I speak (conjugated verb in the first person singular,
Okay, so what are the three infinitives in Spanish?
You already know them: -ar, -er, -ir
verbs ending in -ar like hablar
verbs ending in -er like comer
verbs ending in -ir like escribir
What are the conjugations for
-ar ending verbs?
yo > -o
tú > -as
ud., él, ella > -a
nosotros, nosotras > -amos
uds., ellos, ellas > -an
(-er, -ir ending verbs is a different lesson)
What is the conjugation for hablar?
usted, él, ella habla
nosotros, nosotras hablamos
ustedes, ellos, ellas hablan
How did you form the conjugation?
It is very easy. All verbs have two components:
a stem + an ending/infinitive
the stem the infinitive changes because of the
for regular subject, tense, infinitive (-ar, -er, -ir)
verbs does not
When you conjugage a verb, remove the infinitive and add the conjugation for the subject.
So, what is the present tense
conjugation for cantar?
usted, él, ella canta
nosotros, nosotras cantamos
ustedes, ellos, ellas cantan
What is the present tense
conjugation for dibujar?
usted, él, ella dibuja
nosotros, nosotras dibujamos
ustedes, ellas, ellos dibujan
Why is usted grouped with él / ella,
and the plurals
ustedes, ellos, ellas?
Even though, usted and ustedes are second persons,
usted uses the same conjugation as él, ella
ustedes use the same conjugation as ellos, ellas
Make a mental list of 10 -ar ending verbs?
What did you come up with?
Be ready to give your list to Mrs. Salazar