The present tense of -ar ending verbs Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in The present tense of -ar ending verbs Deck (11):
1

What is the present tense?

It is used to describe habits, unchanging situations, general truths, and fixed arrangements

THE SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE IS USED:

  • To express habits, general truths, repeated actions or unchanging situations, emotions and wishes:
    I eat (habit); I work in London (unchanging situation); London is a large city (general truth)
  • To give instructions or directions:
    You walk for two hundred meters, then you turn left.
  • To express fixed arrangements, present or future:
    Your exam starts at 09.00 am

(http://www.ef.edu/english-resources/english-grammar/simple-present-tense/)

2

What about the present tense in Spanish?

Well, it works the same way. There are a few differences, though. Look at the comparison chart below:

 They are the same:                       They are different:

 1) a subject or subject                    1) in Spanish you have

     pronoun is need to                        three infinitives, in English

    conjugate the verb                         you don't

     (yo, tú, ud., él, ella,                     2) the infinitive dictates what

     nosotros, nosotras,                        set of conjugations you        

     ustedes, ellos, ellas)                       must use with the subject)

     

3

What is a conjugation?

The form of a verb in a language such as Spanish or English by which the form identifies the voice, mood, tense, number, and person. For example,

1) to speak (unconjugated verb)

2) I speak    (conjugated verb in the first person singular,

                     present tense)

4

Okay, so what are the three infinitives in Spanish?

You already know them: -ar, -er, -ir

verbs ending in -ar  like hablar

verbs ending in -er like comer

verbs ending in -ir like escribir

 

5

What are the conjugations for 

-ar ending verbs?

yo > -o

tú > -as

ud., él, ella > -a

nosotros, nosotras > -amos

uds., ellos, ellas > -an

 

(-er, -ir ending verbs is a different lesson)

6

What is the conjugation for hablar?

yo hablo

tú hablas

usted, él, ella habla

nosotros, nosotras hablamos

ustedes, ellos, ellas hablan

7

How did you form the conjugation?

It is very easy. All verbs have two components:

a stem           +                an ending/infinitive

the stem                          the infinitive changes because of the 

for regular                        subject, tense, infinitive (-ar, -er, -ir)

verbs does not

change

When you conjugage a verb, remove the infinitive and add the conjugation for the subject.

8

So, what is the present tense

conjugation for cantar?

yo canto

tú cantas

usted, él, ella canta

nosotros, nosotras cantamos

ustedes, ellos, ellas cantan

9

What is the present tense

conjugation for dibujar?

yo dibujo

tú dibujas

usted, él, ella dibuja

nosotros, nosotras dibujamos

ustedes, ellas, ellos dibujan

10

Why is usted grouped with él / ella,

and the plurals

ustedes, ellos, ellas?

Even though, usted and ustedes are second persons,

usted uses the same conjugation as él, ella

and

ustedes use the same conjugation as ellos, ellas

 

 

11

Make a mental list of 10 -ar ending verbs?

What did you come up with?

Be ready to give your list to Mrs. Salazar