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Flashcards in The Red eye Deck (25)
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1

Describe the features of Uveitis

Pain = None -> mild
Redness = pericorneal/none
Discharge = No/Minimal
Vision = blurred

2

Describe the features of Bacterial Conjuctivitis

Pain = Non -> full blown sensation / itch

Redness = peripheral/diffuse

Discharge = yes/ yellow

Vision = normal

3

Describe the features of viral conjunctivitis

Pain = None -> full blown sensation/ itch

Redness = peripheral/ diffuse

Discharge = yes/watery

Vision = normal

4

Describe the features of allergic conjunctivitis

Pain = None -> full blown sensation/ itch

Redness = peripheral/ diffuse

Discharge = yes/ mucous

Vision = normal

5

Describe the features of scleritis

Pain = Severe/ boring

Redness = sectoral/ diffuse

Discharge = no

Vision = normal

6

Describe the features of acute glaucoma

Pain = severe/ headache

Redness = pericorneal

Discharge = yes/no

Vision = lost

7

Describe the features of Keratitis/ Corneal ulcer

Pain = severe/ eye closing

Redness = pericorneal

Discharge = yes/no

Vision = lost

8

Describe the features of Orbital cellulitis

Pain = Severe/ periocular

Redness = none

Discharge = no/yes

Vision = normal

9

What is uveitis?

Inflammation in the eye

May effect:
-Anterior (iris)
-Intermediate (ciliary body and vitreous)
-Posterior (Retina, choroids, blood vessels

Panuveitis (all)

10

What are some of the causes of Uveitis?

Idiopathic (most common)

Associated with systemic disease: Ankylosing spondylitis, Behcet's Disease, Sarcoidosis, Wegener's, Systemic lupus erythematosis

Infection: TB, Syphalis, Toxoplasma, Herpes Simplex, Lyme's disease, CMV

Masquarade: Intraocular lymphoma, Leukaemia

11

What is the treatment for Uveitis?

-Treat Infection
-Topical anti-inflammatory
(main stay treatment)
-Systemic steroid
-Systemic immunosuppressants

12

whats the difference between Episcleritis ans Scleritis?

Episclera is the more superficial layer.

Episcleritis:
-Is milder
-Only part of the eye become red
-Only mildly painful

Scleritis:
-Very painful
-Risk to sight
-Inflammation large enough to melt away sclera

13

What are the symptoms of Acute Angle-Closure Glaucoma

Severe Pain
Vomiting
Fixed, dilated pupil
(non-responsive to light)
Hard eye

14

What is the treatment for acuta angle-closure glaucoma?

Strong drugs to decompress

Drugs to constrict pupil (trying to pull away to open angle)

Small insistion to iris

15

What infections may cause corneal ulcer?

Herpes virus
Pseudomonous

16

What are the features of preseptal cellulitis?

Pain, redness, lid swelling
Systematically well

17

What are the common causes for preseptal cellulitis?

Lid cyst or insect bite

18

What are the features of orbital cellulitis?

-Pain, redness, lid swelling
-Systemically unwell
-Double vision/ limitation in EOEM
-Conjunctivitis/ chomosis
-Exophthalmos
-Blurred vision

19

What is chomosis?

Swelling (or oedema) of the conjunctivae

20

What is Exophthalmos?

Bulging of the eye anteriorly out of the orbit

21

What are the common causes of orbital cellulitis?

Sinusitis / dental infections
Haematological spread

22

What are the opthalmic presentations of systemic disease?

Diabetes
Hypertension
Autoimmune
Inflammatory
Infection
Haematological
Inherited/ Genetic
Thyroid eye disease

23

What are the autoimmune opthalmic presentations?

-Rheumatoid arthritis
-Cicatrical pemphigoid
-Myaesthenia gravis
-Sjogren's syndrome
-Systemic lupus erythematosus
-Grave's disease

24

What are the inflammatory opthalmic presentations?

-Ankylosing spondylitis
-Crohn's disease
-Juvenile ideopathic arthritis
-Sarcoidosis

25

What are the inherited/ genetic opthalmic presentations?

Albinism
Ehlers-Danlos
Marfan's
Myotonic dystrophy
Neurofibromatosis