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Flashcards in The Reign of King John Deck (18)
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1

1. Who were King John’s parents? (2)

Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine

2

2. When did John come to the throne? (1)

April 1199

3

3. What are three facts about Arthur, Duke of Brittany? (3)

- The designated heir to the throne by his uncle Richard (1190) before Richard changed his mind in 1199 and chose John
- Had a better claim to Normandy and England than John.
- It’s believed that John may have killed Arthur

4

4. Which French king joined Arthur to attack John’s castles in Normandy, and when? (2)

Philip II in 1202

5

5. Why was Normandy important? (3)

- Prestige and reputation of the king.
- Land belonging to important barons.
- ‘Jewel in the crown’ of English possessions

6

6. When was a new Pope selected and what was his name? (2)

1198, Pope Innocent III

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7. What year did John begin to argue with the new Pope? (1)

1205

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8. What argument did John have with the new Pope? (2)

- The pope wanted Stephen Langton as Archbishop of Canterbury,
- John favoured John, Bishop of Norwich.

9

9. What happened as a result of John’s dispute with Innocent III? (2)

John was excommunicated (1) between 1209-1213 (2)

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10. What did the Pope’s ‘Interdict’ mean and when was it passed? (3)

- No Christian marriages or burials were allowed to take place in England
- Church services were stopped
- Passed in 1208

11

11. What were three of John’s strengths? (3)

- He travelled the whole country and judged cases for the royal court himself
- Increased the strength of the navy
- Provided feast days for paupers (the poor)

12

12. How did John strengthen the monarchy? (4)

- He collected a new land tax from the knights and the barons.
- He modernised the government and kept good records.
- He increased his control over Ireland and Wales, and built up his forces in northern England.
- The King of Scotland signed a peace treaty with John.

13

13. How did John strengthen the navy? (3)

- John built new ships
- Strengthened Portsmouth’s defences
- Established a new port at Liverpool.

14

14. Name three reasons the Barons were angry with John. (3)

Any three from:

- He punished churchmen because of his quarrel with Pope Innocent II
- He kept demanding scutage tax (paid by knights)
- He took barons family as hostage so that they would not rebel, e.g. sons of Welsh barons in 1211
- John had favourites like Gerrard d’Athee of France and gave them possessions
- Introduced an inheritance tax, demanding £6000 from one baron
- Lost lands in Normandy

15

15. What was Magna Carta and when was it signed? (2)

- Magna Carta (Great Charter) was a set of rules about how the king should treat the freemen of England, - Signed in 1215.

16

16. How many clauses were in Magna Carta (1)

63 clauses

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17. Name four of the clauses of Magna Carta (4)

- The king will not interfere with the Church
- The king will not imprison nobles without a trial
- The king will stop unfair taxes
- The king will not ask for extra taxes
- Merchants will be able to travel around the country and buy and sell without having to pay extra taxes
- Trials will be held quickly and fairly

18

18. Only three of the promises of Magna Carta remain in force today. What are they? (3)

- The monarchy will not interfere with the church.
- To respect the rights and freedoms of the City of London and other towns and ports.
- No one can be arrested or imprisoned without a proper trial.