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Flashcards in The Road to the Civil War Deck (20):
0

North

Public education grew after 1830
Produced textiles, ships, iron, and lumber
Population was 20 million in 1860
Where most immigrants settled

1

South

Steamships used on rivers
Population was 8 million in 1860
Cash crops were cotton, rice, and sugar
Small towns developed along rivers and coasts

2

Fugitive slave act

Said Northerners had to help capture runaway slaves, or else fine/jail
Northerners hated it and disobeyed it
Southerners liked it
Created a lot of opposition

3

Compromise of 1850

Made California a free state
No slavery in the nation's capital
Made Fugitive Slave Act
1850

4

Bleeding Kansas

Caused by slavery being decided by popular sovereignty
John Brown and others fought over slavery

5

Popular Sovereignty

A state gets to vote and decide for itself on an issue

6

Lincoln-Douglas Debates

Lincoln opposed the spread of slavery
Douglas wanted popular sovereignty
Douglas won the election for Illinois Senator

7

Harper's Ferry

An arsenal attacked by John Brown
Purpose was to inspire slaves to fight for their freedom

8

Platform

A statement of a political party's beliefs

9

Republican Party

Political party created by antislavery Americans
Lincoln joined because he agreed with their stand on slavery

10

Confederate States of America

The Southern states that withdrew from the Union

11

Secede/secession

To withdraw from the Union
South justified because the voluntarily joined the Union, so they couldn't leave

12

Dred Scott

Had a lawsuit to gain freedom and was denied

13

John Brown

Killed proslavery people
Involved in bleeding Kansas
Captured the arsenal at Harper's Ferry

14

Lincoln's victory and Southern Secession

Lincoln's victory convinced the Southern states to secede because they were afraid that Lincoln would abolish slavery

15

John Breckinridge

Ran for president in 1860
Southern Democrat
Proslavery

16

Stephen Douglas

Proslavery
Ran for president for the Northern Democrats
Believed in popular sovereignty
Wrote the Kansas-Nebraska Act

17

John Bell

Ran for president in 1860
Constitutional Union Party
Wanted to preserve the union at all costs

18

Abraham Lincoln

Opposed the expansion of slavery
Republican candidate for president in 1860

19

Jefferson Davis

President of the Confederate States of America