Should not be prescriptive (i.e., the following of a set guideline for intervening to resolve a client’s spiritual problem). Instead it should be descriptive of ways nurses can offer spiritual support.
Refers to “a disturbance in the belief or value system that provides strength, hope, and meaning to life.”
- Expresses lack of hope, meaning of life, inadequate acceptance of self
- Expresses feeling abandoned or anger toward power greater than self
- Refuse interaction with significant others
- Exhibits sudden changes in spiritual practices
- Requests (or refused) to interact with a spiritual leader
- Has no interest in nature or in reading spiritual literature.
Results when individuals intentionally seek to strengthen their spiritual muscles, as it were, through various spiritual disciplines (e.g., prayer, meditation, service, fellowship with similar believers, learning from a spiritual mentor, worship, study, fasting)
- opposite of spiritual distress*
- does not occur by chance, but by choice*