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Flashcards in The Supreme Court Deck (9):
1

Senatorial Courtesy

An unwritten tradition whereby the Senate will not confirm nominations for lower court positions that are opposed by a senator of the president's own party from the state in which the nominee is to serve.

2

Writ of Certiorari

An order by the Supreme Court directing a lower court to send up the record in a given case for its review.

3

Rule of Four

The Supreme Court will hear a case is four justices agree to do so.

4

Solicitor General

The solicitor general is responsible for handling all appeals on behalf of the United States government to the Supreme Court.

5

Amicus Curiae Brief

A "friend of the court" brief filed by an interest group or interested party to influence a Supreme Court decision.

6

State Decisis

State decisis is a Latin phrase meaning "let the decision stand." The vast majority of Supreme Court decisions are based on the precedents established in earlier cases.

7

Judicial Restraint

Philosophy that the Supreme Court should use precedent and the Framers' original intent to decide cases.

8

Judicial Activism

Philosophy that the Supreme Court must correct injustices when other branches of government or the states refuse to do so.

9

Appellate Jurisdiction

The authority of a court to hear an appeal from a lower court.