The Constitution and Federalism Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in The Constitution and Federalism Deck (12):
1

Checks and Balances

System in which each branch of government can limit the power of the other two branches.

2

Unitary System

System of government in which all power is invested in a central government.

3

Federalism

A system of government in which power is divided by a written constitution between a central government and regional governments.

4

Expressed Powers

Powers specifically granted to the federal government by the Constitution.

5

Implied Powers

Powers of the federal government that go beyond those enumerated in the Constitution.

6

Reserved Powers

Powers not specifically granted to the national government or denied to the states. Reserved powers are held by the states through the tenth amendment.

7

Cooperative Federalism

Situations in which the national and state governments work together to complete projects.

8

Categorical Grant

Funds provided for a specific and clearly defined purpose.

9

Block Grant

Funds granted to the states for a broadly defined purpose.

10

Mandates

Rules telling states what they must do to comply with federal guidelines.

11

Devolution

A movement to transfer the responsibilities of governing from the federal government to state and local governments.

12

Majority Rule

A fundamental democratic principle requiring that the majority's view be respected.