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Flashcards in The Third World Deck (20)
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1

Define the term "First World"

The term “First World” refers to the so called developed, capitalist, industrial countries, roughly, a bloc of countries aligned with the United States after WWII, with more or less common political and economic interests: North America, Western Europe, Japan, and Australia.

2

Define the term "Second World"

The Second World refers to the former communist-socialist, industrial states; formerly, the Eastern bloc, the territory and sphere of influence of the USRR, which today is Russia, Eastern Europe, and some of the Turk States, as well as China.

3

Define the term "Third World"

The Third World are all the other countries, today often used to roughly describe the developing countries of Africa, Asia, and Latin America. The term Third World includes both capitalist and communist countries, as well as those very rich or very poor

4

What are some aspects that Third World countries have in common?

• High infant mortality
• Low economic development
• High levels of poverty
• Low utilization of natural resources
• Heavy dependence on industrialized nations
Also, the Third World countries tend to have economies dependent on the developed countries and are generally characterized as poor with unstable governments and having high rates of population growth, illiteracy, and disease.

A key factor is the lack of a middle class – with impoverished million in a vast lower economic class and a very small elite upper class controlling the country’s wealth and resources, Most third world nations also have a very large foreign debt.

5

Why is Greenland a Third Country?

In times of the Third World model Greenland was sealed off from international commerce and Denmark was maintaining a strict monopoly on Greenlandic trade, allowing only small-scale barter (troaking) with Scottish whalers. During the 1950s and 1960s the Danish government introduced an urbanization and modernization program, aimed at creating an urban economic environment in Greenland, by expanding the coastal towns. People from the surrounding small settlements were rehoused in hastily built houses and modern fishing practices were introduced.

6

Why is Rich Saudia Arabia a Thord World Country?

According to the old Three World Model, Saudi Arabia was not aligned with the US nor was it part of the Soviet Union bloc, the Eastern Bloc. Saudi Arabia's reserves of oil were discovered only in 1938 and development to exploit these reserves began in 1941. Until then Saudi Arabia was a country with Arab tribal culture. And even today Saudi Arabia is a very conservative country. It is run by a royal and religious elite. Public expression of opinion about domestic political or social matters is discouraged. There are no theaters or public exhibition of films. There are no organizations such as political parties or labor unions to provide public forums.

7

Explain Kenya's main feature

The Republic of Kenya is a unitary State. Kenya won its independence from British colonial rule on 12 December 1963. The country has a multi-party-political system whose hallmark is parliamentary democracy

8

Who composes the executive in Kenya?

The President of the Republic of Kenya, together with the Deputy-President and the Cabinet Secretaries comprise the executive. The President shall nominate and, with the approval of the National Assembly, appoint Cabinet Secretaries. A Cabinet Secretary shall not be a Member of Parliament. The President is elected directly for a 5-year term. In order to win, a candidate must garner 50% plus 1 vote and 25% in half of 47 counties.

9

Which one is Kenya's political system?

Parliamentary republic

10

Who is current Kenya's president?

The current President of Kenya is Uhuru Kenyatta.

11

Is Kenya's legislative branch bicameral? How is it composed?

Yes, consisting of the National Assembly and the Senate.

12

Explain Kenya's National Assembly

The National Assembly has in total 349 members plus the Speaker who is an ex-officio. Article 95 of the Constitution establishes that the National Assembly shall consist of the following:- two hundred and ninety (290) members, each elected by the registered voters of single member constituencies; forty-seven (47) women, each elected by the registered voters of the counties, each county constituting a single member constituency; twelve (12) members nominated by parliamentary political parties according to their proportion of members of the National Assembly in accordance with Article 90, to represent special interests including the youth, persons with disabilities and workers; and the Speaker, who is an ex officio member.

13

Explain Kenya's Senate

The Senate consists of 67 members plus the Speaker, who is an ex-officio member. Article 98 of the Constitution establishes that the Senate shall consist of the following:- Forty-seven (47) members each elected by the registered voters of the counties, each county constituting a single member constituency; Sixteen (16) women members who shall be nominated by political parties according to their proportion of members of the Senate elected under clause (a) in accordance with Article 90; Two members (2), being one man and one woman, representing the youth; Two (2) members, being one man and one woman, representing persons with disabilities; and The Speaker, who shall be an ex officio member.

14

How are parliamentary politics in Kenya?

The Senate consists of 67 members plus the Speaker, who is an ex-officio member. Article 98 of the Constitution establishes that the Senate shall consist of the following:- Forty-seven (47) members each elected by the registered voters of the counties, each county constituting a single member constituency; Sixteen (16) women members who shall be nominated by political parties according to their proportion of members of the Senate elected under clause (a) in accordance with Article 90; Two members (2), being one man and one woman, representing the youth; Two (2) members, being one man and one woman, representing persons with disabilities; and The Speaker, who shall be an ex officio member.

15

Examples of democracies around the world

• In Africa – Ghana and Kenya
• In Asia – Indonesia, which is the Muslim country with more population and an example of democracy for other Muslim countries.
• In Latin America – Costa Rica

16

Explain Indonesia's main features

It is a presidential republic. It is a democratic country that applies a presidential system and Pancasila is the soul of the Indonesian democracy. Pancasila is the soul of the Indonesian democracy. Pancasila is the philosophic fundamentals of the State.

17

What is Pancasila? Name the principles

1. The belief in one God.
2. A just and civilized humanism.
3. Unity of Indonesia.
4. Democratic citizenship lead by wise guidance born of representative consultation.
5. Social just for all the people of Indonesia.

18

Explain Indonesia's executive branch. Who is the President?

The executive power is centralized under the president, vice-president and the cabinet of ministers. The cabinet is a presidential cabinet in which the ministers report to the president and don´t represent the political parties.
The current president of Indonesia is Joko Widodo.

19

Explain the elgislative branch in Indonesia and mention the highest state institution

The legislative authority is under the People´s Consultative Assembly (MPR) that consist of two bodies namely the Parliament composing of members of political parties and the Regional Representative Council (DPD) composing of representatives from each province in Indonesia. Each province is represented by 4 delegates that are elected by the people in the respective region.
The People´s Consultative Assembly (MPR) is the highest state institution.

20

Explain Indonesia's judicial branch

The judicial institution – since the reform era and upon the amendment of the 1945 Constitution – is administered by the Supreme Court including the administration of the judges.