Themes/Quotes - Paradise Lost Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Themes/Quotes - Paradise Lost Deck (37):
1

Heaven

S - “O Earth, how like to Heaven, if not preferred / More justly, seat worthier than gods, as built / With second thoughts, reforming what was old!” - exclamatory sentence and use of apostrophe displays Satan's sensitivity and eye for beauty

S - “Terrestrial Heaven, danced round by other heavens / That shine, yet bear their bright officious lamps, / Light above light, for thee alone, as seems, / In thee concentrating all their precious beams / Of sacred influence” - symbol of circle and centre displays eternal image of earth, prelapsarian/utopian world

E - "Heaven is high, / High and remote to see from thence distinct / Each thing on Earth" - implying that God is far away and that she is out of sight

2

Descent

S - “O foul descent! That I who erst contended / With gods to sit the highest, am now constrained / Into a beast, and mixed with bestial slime, / This essence to incarnate and imbrute, That to the height of deity aspired” - chain of being

“But what will not ambition and revenge / Descend to? Who aspires must down as low / As high he soared, obnoxious first or last / To basest things.” - chain of being

N - "Thou never from that hour in Paradise / Foundst either sweet repast, or sound repose"

A - "How art thou lost, how on a sudden lost, / Defaced, deflowered, and now to death devote? / Rather how hast thou yielded to transgress / The strict forbiddance, how to violate / The sacred Fruit forbidden" - heavy use of alliteration - loss of innocence, death and decay, repetitions convey the tragedy. the metaphorically sexual transgression with Satan is suggested again, she is offered up to evil

N - "wearied with their amorous play" - on Even and Adam

N - "both in subjection now / To sensual Appetite, who from beneath / Usurping over sovereign Reason claimed / Superior Way"

3

Disguise

N - “Considered evey creature, which of all / Most opportune might serve his wiles, and found / The serpent subtlest beast of all the filed.”

N - “fit vessel, fittest imp of fraud, in whom / To enter, and his dark suggestions hide / From sharpest sight”

N - "together sewed, / To gird their waist, vain covering if to hide / Their guilt and dreaded shame"

N - "night veiled the horizon round" - night covers the earth (first of a succession of 'disguise' words) "seven continued nights he rode" - he follows the shadow of the sun as it revolves around the earth to stay hidden

4

Darkness/Night

N - “the space of seven continued nights he rode / With darkness”

S - “thus wrapped in mist / Of midnight vapour glide obscure, and pry / In every bush and brake, where hap may find […] the dark intent I bring”

N - “Like a black mist low creeping, he held on / His midnight search, where soonest he might find / The serpent”

5

Treason and Hatred

Main: N - “I now must change/ Those notes to tragic; foul distrust, and breach/ Disloyal on the part of Man, revolt/ And disobedience: on the part of Heav’n”

N - “When Satan who late fled before the threats / Of Gabriel out of Eden, now improved / In meditated fraud and malice, bent / On Man’s destruction”

N - “Thence full of anguish driven”

S - “The more I see / Pleasures about me, so much more I feel / Torment within me, as from the hateful siege of contraries; all good to me becomes / Bane, and in Heaven much worse would be my state” (syntactic parallelism emphasises internal conflict)

Extra:
S - “For only in destroying I find ease / To my relentless thoughts; and him destroyed”

N - "Fierce hate he recollects, and all his thoughts / Of mischief, gratulating, thus excites" - Volpone's enthusiasm

N - "high winds worse within / Began to rise, high passions, anger, hate, / Mistrust, suspicion, discord, and shook sore / Their inward state of mind, calm region once / And full of peace, now tossed and turbulent"

6

Evil/Discord

N - “Satan involved in rising mist”

N - “in at his mouth / The devil entered, and his brutal sense, / In heart of head, possessing soon inspired / With act intelligential”

N - "Such ambush hid among sweet flowers and shades / Waited with hellish rancour imminent / To intercept the way"

A - "O Eve, in evil hour thou didst give ear / To that false worm [...] and find we know / Both good and evil, good lost and evil got"

A - "Bad Fruit of Knowledge, if this be to know, / which leaves us naked thus, of honour void, / Of innocence, of faith, of purity, / Our wonted ornaments now soiled and stained / And in our faces evident the signs / Of foul concupiscence, whence evil store, / Even shame, the last of evils; of the first / Be sure then."

N - "Thus they in mutual accusation spent / The fruitless hours, but neither self-condemning / And of their vain contest appeared no end"

N - “compassing the earth”, “thrice the equinoctial line / He circled” - the significance of him moving in circles highlights how he is locked in error and evil

S - "in whose mazy folds / To hide me, and the darken intent i bring"

7

Power

S - “To me shall be the glory sole among / Th’infernal powers, in one day to have marred / What he Almighty styled”

8

Injustice

S - “O indignity! / Subjected to his service angel wings, / And flaming ministers to watch and tend / Their earthly charge” - apostrophe displays his anguish

S - “O foul descent! That I who erst contended / With gods to sit the highest, am now constrained / Into a beast, and mixed with bestial slime, / This essence to incarnate and imbrute, That to the height of deity aspired” - apostrophe displays his anguish

9

Physical World

“O foul descent! That I who erst contended / With gods to sit the highest, am now constrained / Into a beast, and mixed with bestial slime, / This essence to incarnate and imbrute, That to the height of deity aspired”

10

Harmony

Main:
E - “Our pleasant task enjoined”

A - “For not irksome toil, but to delight / He made us, and delight to Reason joined”

A - "I feel / The link of nature draw me: flesh of flesh, / Bone of my bone thou art, and from thy state / Mine never shall be parted, bliss or woe"

A - "we are one, / One flesh; to lost thee were to lose myself"

Extra:
A - “These paths and bowers doubt not but our joint hands / Will keep from wilderness with ease

N – “Of the to her his charge of quick return, / Repeated, she to him as oft engaged”

A - "How can I live without thee, how forgo / Thy sweet converse and love so dearly joined, / To live again in these wild woods forlorn"

E - "One heart, one soul in both"

11

Free Will

E - “let us divide our labours, thou where choice/ Leads thee”

E - “Our task we choose”

A – “But God left free the will, for what obeys / Reason, is free, and Reason he made right” – does this contradict itself? God sets out the reason for man to follow

A – “Go; for thy stay, not free, absents thee more;”

S - " Goddess humane, reach then, and freely taste"

E - "Adam, freely taste, / And fear of death deliver to the winds"

N - "She gave him of that fair enticing Fruit / With liberal hand"

A - "beyond this had been force, / And force upon free will hath here no place"

12

Self-control

A - “Not diffident of thee do I dissuade / Thy absence from my sight, but to avoid / Th’attempt itself”

13

Love/Faith

“while I / In yonder spring of roses intermixed / With myrtle, find what to redress till noon”

S - "Empress, the way is ready, and not long, / Beyond a row of myrtles" - showing how Eve must go beyond her faithfulness if she is to eat the fruit

14

The Female

A – “for nothing lovelier can be found / In woman, than to study household good” – patriarchal view

A – Go in thy native innocence, rely / On what thou hast of
virtue”

A – “The wife, where danger or dishonour lurks, / Safest and seemliest by her husband stays”

E – “With thy permission then”

E - "Was I to have never parted from thy side? / As good have grown there still a lifeless rib"

E - "Being as I am, why didst not thou the head / Command me absolutely not to go"

E - "Hadst thou been firm and fixed in thy dissent, / Neither had I transgressed, nor thou with me"

A - "Thus it shall befall / Him who to worth in women overtrusting / Lets her will rule; restraint she will not brook, / And left to herself, if evil thence ensue, / She first his weak indulgence will accuse"

N - "So rose the Danite strong / Herculean Samson from the harlot-lap / Of Philistean Dalilah" - allusion to the Samson and Dalilah classical myth suggesting Eve is all to blame, anti feminist reading

15

God's Will

A – “For not irksome toil, but to delight / He made us, and delight to Reason joined / Who guards her, or with her the worst endures”

E - "But of this Tree we may not taste nor touch; / God so commanded, and left that command / Sole daughter of his voice; there set, we live / Law to our selves, our Reason is our law"

E - "But of the Fruit of this fair Tree amidst / The garden, God hath said, Ye shall not eat / Thereof

16

Lies/Deception

A - “Since Reason not impossibly may meet / Some specious object by the foe suborned, / And fall into deception unaware”

N – “O much deceived, much failing, hapless Eve, / Of thy presumed return”

N - "Into the heart of Eve his words made way" - penetrating words / "into her heart too easy entrance once [...] impregned with reason"

S - on the Apple: "ere long i might perceive, / Strange alteration in me, to degree / Of Reason in my inward powers, and speech / Wanted not long"

E - "thy overpraising leaves in doubt / The virtue of that fruit, [...] But say, where grows the tree, from hence how far?"

S - "Queen of this Universe, do not believe / Those rigid threats of death; ye shall not die: / How should ye? by the fruit? it gives you life to knowledge"

17

Antithesis

"What hither brought us, hate, not love, nor hope / Of Paradise for Hell, hope here to taste / Of pleasure, but all pleasure to destroy, / Save what is in destroying, other joy / To me is lost"

18

Allusions

- “Of stern Achilles on his foe persued/ Thrice fugitive about Troy wall; or rage/ Of Turnus for Lavinia disespoused, / Or Neptune’s ire of Juno’s, that so long / Perplxed the Greek and Cytherea’s son”

- "And lovely, never since of serpent kind / Lovelier, not those that in Illyria changed / Hermione and Cadmus, or the god / In Epidaurus; nor to which transformed / Ammonian Jove, or Capitoline was seen, He with Olympias, this with her who bore / Scipio the height of Rome."

19

Seduction/Lust

N - "Curled many a wanton wreath in sight of Eve, / To lure her eye" - sexual imagery

E - "this Fruit divine, / Fair to the eye, inviting to the taste"

N - "he on Eve / Began to cast lascivious eyes, she him / As wantonly repaid; in lust they burn"

A - "For never did thy beauty since the day / I saw thee first and wedded thee, adorned / With all perfections, so inflame my sense / With ardour to enjoy thee, fairer now / Than ever, bounty of this virtuous tree"

N - "Of Eve, whose eye darted contagious fire"

20

Good

A - “His violence thou fearst not, being such, / As we, not capable of death or pain”

N - “her every air / Of gesture overawed / His malice”

N - “That space the evil one abstracted stood / From his own evil, and for the time remained / Stupidly good”

21

Gullibility

E - "Thee, serpent, subtlest beast of all the fuel / I knew, but not with human voice endued; Redouble then this miracle, and say, / How cam's thou speakable of mute"

N - "into fraud / Led Eve our credulous mother"

22

Reason

S - "God therefore cannot hurt ye, and be just / Not just, not God; not feared then, nor obeyed: / Your fear itself of death removes the fear"

23

Greed

N - "greedily she engorged without restraint, / And knew not eating death"

24

Ascent

E - "Till dieted by thee I grow mature / In knowledge , as the gods who all things know"

E - "have also found / Th'effects to correspond, opener my eyes/ Dim erst, dilated spirits, ampler heart,/ And growing up to godhead"

N - "they swim in mirth, and fancy that they feel / Divinity within them breeding wings"

25

Selfishness

E - "but what if God have seen, / And death ensue? then I shall be no more, / And Adam wedded to another Eve, / Shall live with her enjoying, I extinct; / And death to think. Confirmed then I resolve, / Adam shall share with me in bliss or woe"

E - "thou therefore also taste, that equal lot / May join us, equal joy, as equal love"

26

Loss of Innocence

N - "their minds / How darkened; innocence, that as a veil / Had shadowed them from knowing ill, was gone, / Just confidence, and native righteousness, / And honour from about them, naked left / To guilty shame he covered, but his robe / Uncovered more."

N - "they destitute and bare / Of all their virtue: silent, and in face / Confounded long they sate, as stricken mute"

A - "Bad Fruit of Knowledge, if this be to know, / which leaves us naked thus, of honour void, / Of innocence, of faith, of purity, / Our wonted ornaments now soiled and stained / And in our faces evident the signs / Of foul concupiscence, whence evil store, / Even shame, the last of evils; of the first / Be sure then."

27

Satan compasses the earth with meditate guile

"now improved / In meditated fraud ad malice, bent / On man's destruction, maugre what might hap / Of heavier on himself, fearless returned"

28

with mediated guile Satan returns as a mist by night into Paradise

"thence full of anguish driven, / he space of seven continued nights he rode / With darkness, thrice the equinoctial line"

29

Satan enters into the serpent sleeping

"Fit vessel, fittest imp of fraud, in whom / To enter, and his dark suggestions hide / From sharpest sight"

30

Adam and Eve in the morning go forth to their labours, which Eve proposes to divide in several places, each labouring part

"forth come he human pair / And joined their vocal worship to the choir / Of creatures wanting voice"
"let us divide our labours, thou where choice / Leads thee"

31

Adam and Eve in the morning go forth to their labours, which Eve proposes to divide in several places, each labouring part

"forth come he human pair / And joined their vocal worship to the choir / Of creatures wanting voice"
"let us divide our labours, thou where choice / Leads thee"

32

Adam speaks of his view on women

"for nothing lovelier can be found / In woman, than to study household good, / And good works in her husband to promote"

"The wife, where danger or dishonour lurks / Safest and seemliest by her husband stays / Who guards her, or with her the worst endures"

33

Adam consents not

"He made us, and delight to Reason joined, / These paths and bowers not but our join hands / Will keep from wilderness with ease"

34

Adam persuades Eve not to go

"Not diffident of thee do I dissuade / Thy absence from my sight, but to avoid / Th'attempt itself intended by our foe"

35

Eve is desirous to make trial of her love

"And what is faith, love, virtue unassayed / Alone, without exterior help sustained"

36

Adam lets her go

"Go; for thy stay, not free, absents thee more; / Go in thy native innocence, rely / On what thou hast of virtue"
"So spake the patriarch of mankind"

37

Satan finds Eve alone

"Such pleasure took the serpent to behold / This flowery plat, the sweet recess of Eve / Thus early, thus alone; her heavenly form / Angelic, but more soft and feminine"