Flashcards in Theoretical Foundations of CFAM Deck (64):
The six theoretical models that inform the CFAM are:
In this model, Pluralism is a key focus.
Postmodernism, simply put, is a...
Debate about knowledge
Pluralism refers to:
That there are multiple POV's and ways to see things. No one great narrative that explains it all.
"There are as many ways to understand and experience the world as there are people who experience it"
Postmodernism is partly a reaction to the modernist claim that:
Knowledge emerges primarily from science & technology.
In practice now more emphasis is given to:
Illness narratives & experience of family members not just to medical narratives.
This (illness narratives & experience) invites...
Collaboration and consultation between nurses & family members
Offshoots of Postmodernism include:
BoC (Bring Forthism)
W&L find which offshoot most beneficial?
This is defined as a complex of elements in mutual interaction.
Hierarchy of systems include..
In addition, nurses must pay attention to:
T/F Systems are arbitrarily defined by their boundaries.
In assessing boundaries attention must be paid to their:
In family systems the boundaries must be..
Permeable and limiting
What has dramatically changed the permeability of boundaries in the last decade?
Technology - social networking
Common analogy to visualize systems theory
From a systems perspective, the whole is...
Greater than all of the parts
In considering the impact of illness on families we acknowledge this concept of systems theory:
A change in one family member affects all family members
This concept can also be used to understand how a nurse can change the family system by implementing..
T/F Over the past few years there has been a shift away from the belief that families tend toward maintaining equilibrium.
We now understand that the family is able to...
Create a balance between change and stability
The concept of change and stability is perhaps the most...
Difficult concept of systems theory
The 5 Concepts of Systems Theory
Whole is greater than sum of parts
Family is made up of suprasystem & subsystems
Change in one member affects all
Family creates balance between change & stability
Behaviours are best understood from view of circular rather than linear causality
Linear causality means...
One event causes another (doesn't affect initial)
Circular causality occurs when..
Second event affects first event
Families normally need help to move from a linear perspective to a more..
Interactional, Reciprocal & Systemic View
The science of communication and control theory:
2 Concepts of Cybernetics:
Family systems have self-regulating ability
Feedback processes can occur simultaneously at sever system levels with families
The difference between cybernetics & systems theory?
Systems-changing focus from parts to wholes
Cybernetic-changing focus from substance to form
Different levels where feedback processes can occur? (3)
Family & Community
Theory based in studying communication..
Concept 1- All nonverbal communication is...
In understanding NVC it is important to consider the..
Concept 2 - Communication has two major channels..
In understanding Analog & Digital communication we must consider the _______ which include _______ & __________.
If there is discrepancy between digital and analog, attention should be paid to the:
Concept 3 - A dyadic relationship has varying degrees of _______________ & ______________.
A relationship of unequal status?
Complementary - one giving, one receiving
(Mother & Infant)
A relationship between two who behave as equals?
Symmetrical - competitive
To reach a healthy relationship, relationships must be:
Symmetrical & Complementary
Concept 4- All communication has two levels:
Content & Relationship
What is being said..
What you're saying & how it's occurring..
The more something changes, the more it stays the same. Nurses must understand the paradoxical relationship between...
Persistence & Change
A change within a system where the system itself remains unchanged.
First Order Change
First order change refers to using the same...
Problem solving strategies over & over again. Mechanical
Change that changes the system itself. Can be sudden or radical, unknown to person.
Second order change
Second order change represents a...
Quantum jump in system to different level of functioning
Most obvious type of change, happens without any professionals or sophisticated theories.
Change can be perceived as a difference which occurs...
Change is Dependent on (3) & Determined by:• Change is Determined by structure
Perception of problem
Coevolving treatment goals
• Change Can have _______causes & is not based on _________ alone. It does not occur ______ in all members.
Facilitating change is the _____ responsibility & occurs through ___ ____ ___________and family members’ _________
Fit between interventions
Objectivity & objectivity in parentheses are representative of which theory>
BoC is based not on philosophy but on...
Biology & Phyisology
Objectivity assumes that one.,
Ultimate domain of references exists for explaining the world
Objectivity in parentheses means that there are..
Many POV's and all are important to explain the world
It is the nurses responsibility to help family members drift towards...
Objectivity in parentheses, and avoid the 'sin of certainty'
The notion that there is only one true way to manage health, illness or disability.
Sin of certainty
We bring forth our realities through:
Interacting with the