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Y13 Sociology Crime > Theories > Flashcards

Flashcards in Theories Deck (47)
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1

Functionalism

Organic Analogy

2

Durkheim

Functional/ Inevitable/ Normal

3

Merton

Strain between American Dream and reality

4

Hirschi

Control theory- 4 social bonds

5

Functional Subcultural Theories

Alternate norms and values

6

Cohen

Status frustration

7

Cloward and Ohlin

Illegitimate Opportunity Structures

8

Miller

Focal Concerns- alternative culture of the w/c

9

Marxist Subcultural Theories

How Proletariat cope with alienation

10

BCCCS

Subcultures- magical solution

11

Interactionism

Impact of labelling

12

Becker

Labelling and Master Status

13

Lemert

Secondary deviance and self fulfilling prophecy

14

Goffmann

Power of mentally ill as a label

15

Matza

Drift in and out of deviance due to value given to label

16

Marxism

Bourgeoisie oppress the Proletariat

17

Gordon

Capitalism= criminogenic

18

Chamberliss

Property laws protect the Bourgeoisie

19

Snider

Laws passed enable capitalism to thrive

20

Reiman

Selective law enforcement

21

Pearce

Health and safety laws really benefit the Bourgeoisie

22

Corporate Crime

Ignored in crime statistics

23

Passas

Strain to make profit

24

Box

Criminogenic capitalism makes criminals of everyone

25

Hagan

Social Capital Theory- misuse of trust

26

Weisbund

White collar criminals believe they are above the law

27

Neo- Marxism

Hegemony- whoever controls ideas controls society

28

Right Realists

Inspired by Functionalism

29

Murray

Culture of dependency

30

Clarke

Rational Choice Theory

31

Felson

Routine Activity Theory- informal guardians

32

Wilson

Broken window theory

33

Left Realists

Inspired by Marxism and Interactionism

34

Lea and Young

Square of crime

35

Feminism

Women and crime

36

Heidesohn

"Malestream" bias of Sociology of crime

37

Smart

Women and double deviance

38

Pollack

Chivalry thesis

39

Carlen

Rejection of patriarchal ideas

40

Postmodernism

Collapse of traditional sources of authority

41

Henry and Milovanic

Harms of reduction/ Harms of repression

42

Foucault

Surveillance controls everyone

43

Jones

Decriminalise and don't treat as criminal

44

Baudrillard

Hyperreality- media created reality

45

Kidd- Hewitt and Osbourne

Crime reported as spectacle

46

Kooistra and Mahoney

Crime= entertainment/ sensationalism

47

Postman

Media use crime as "infotainment."