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Flashcards in Theories Deck (43):
1

SYSTEMS THEORY

Systems theory states that individuals are in continual interaction with their environment and that part within a system are interrelated.

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MASLOW'S HIERARCHY

1st. Physiological Needs: breathing, food, water, shelter, clothing, sleep.

2nd. Safety Needs: health, employment, property, family, and social stability.

3rd. Social Needs: love and belonging, friendship, family, intimacy, sense of connection.

4th. Esteem Needs: Self-esteem, confidence, achievement, respect of other, the need to be a unique individual.

5th. Self-Actualisation: morality, creativity, spontaneity acceptance, and expense purpose. ,

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CLOSED SYSTEM

uses up it's energy and dies.

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DIFFERENTIATION

becoming specialized in structure and function.

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ENTROPY

Closed, disorganized, stagnant; using up available energy.

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EQIFINALITY

Arriving at the same end from different beginnings.

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HOMEOSTASIS

Steady state

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INPUT

Obtaining resources from the environment that are necessary at attain the goals of the system.

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NEGATIVE ENTROPY

Exchange of energy and resources between systems that promote growth and transformation.

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OPEN SYSTEM

A system with cross boundary exchange.

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OUTPUT

A product of the system that exports to the environment.

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SUBSYSTEM

A major component of a system made up of two or more independent components that interact in order to attain their own purpose(s) and the purpose(s) of the system in which they are embodied.

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SUPRA SYSTEM

An entity that is served by a number of component systems organized in interacting relationships.

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THROUGHPUT

Energy that is integrated into the system so it can be used by the system to accomplish its goals.

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FAMILY THEORIES

Theoretical and therapeutic base for dealing with family related situations; it is also useful in understanding and managing individual problems by determining the extent to which such problems are related to family issues.

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CRYSTALLIZED INTELLIGENCE

The collection of skills that depend on accumulated knowledge and experience, good judgment and mastery of social conventions.

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STRATEGIC FAMILY THERAPY

A social worker initiates what happens during therapy, designs a specific approach for each person's presenting problem, and takes responsibility for directly influencing people.

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STRUCTURAL FAMILY THERAPY

Stresses the importance of family organization for the functioning of the group and the well-being of its members.

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DYSFUNCTIONAL FAMILIES

Characterized by either a pattern of rigid enmeshment or disengagement.
Interpersonal boundaries define individual family members and promote their differentiation and autonomous, yet interdependent functioning.

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FAMILY BOUNDARIES WITH OUTSIDE WORLD

Boundaries with the outside works define the family unit, but boundaries must be permeable enough to maintain a well-functioning open system, allowing contact and reciprocal exchanges with the social world.

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FAMILY HIERARCHY

Hierarchical organization in families of all cultures is maintained by generational boundaries, the rules differentiating parents and child roles, rights, and obligations.

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GROUP THEORIES

In group work, individuals help each other in order to influence and change personal, group, organizational and community problems.

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THERAPEUTIC GROUP

A therapeutic group provides a unique microcosm in which members, through the process of interacting with each other, gain more knowledge and insight into themselves for the purpose of making changes in their lives.

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PSYCHODRAMA

This is a treatment approach in which roles are enacted in a group context. Members of the group re-create their problems and devote themselves to the role dilemmas of each member.

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STAGES OF GROUP DEVELOPMENT

1. Pre affiliation- development of trust (known as forming)
2. Power and control- struggles for individual autonomy and group identification (known as storming)
3. Intimacy- utilizing self in service of the group (known as norming)
4. Differentiation- acceptance of each other as distinct individuals (known as performing)
5. Separation/ termination- independence (known as adjourning)

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GROUPTHINK

This is when a group makes faulty because of group pressures.

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GROUP POLARIZATION

This occurs during group decision making when discussion strengthens a dominant point of view and results in a shift to a more extreme position than any of the members would adopt on their own.

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PSYCHODYNAMIC THEORIES

Psychodynamic theories explain the origin of the personality.

Many different theories exist

All emphasize unconscious motives and desires as well as the importance of childhood experiences in shaping personality.

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SIGMUND FREUD

originally developed psychoanalytic theories.

Id, Ego, Super-ego

Levels of awareness: Unconscious, conscious, preconscious.

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FREUD'S THREE LEVELS OF AWARENESS

The Conscious


The Pre/conscious


The Un/conscious


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FREUD'S COMPONENTS OF A PERSONALITY

ID

EGO

SUPER-EGO

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FREUD:

THE CONSCIOUS

The conscious contains all the information that a client is paying attention to at any given time The conscious

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FREUD:

THE PRECONSCIOUS

The preconscious contains all the information outside of a client's attention but readily available if needed- thoughts and feelings that can be brought into conscious easily

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FREUD:

THE UNCONSCIOUS

The unconscious contains thoughts, feelings, desires, and memories of which clients have no awareness but that influence every aspect of their day-to-day lives.

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FREUD:

ID

The Id is the reservoir of instinctual energy that contains biological urges such as impulses towards survival, sex, and aggression. The is is unconscious and operates according to the pleasure principle.

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FREUD:
PLEASURE PRINCIPAL

The pleasure principal is the drive to achieve pleasure and avoid pain.

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FREUD:
EGO

The ego manages the conflict between the I'd and the constraints of the real world. Some parts of the ego are unconscious, whereas others are preconscious or conscious. The ego operates according to the reality principle. The ego's role is to prevent the id from gratifying it's impulses in socially inappropriate ways.

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FREUD:
REALITY PRINCIPLE

Reality principle is the awareness that gratification of impulses has to be delayed in order to accommodate the demands of the real world.

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FREUD:
EGO-SYNTONIC

Behavior's "in sync" with the ego. Actions resulting in no guilt.

The ego is comfortable with its conclusion and behaviors.

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FREUD:
EGO- DISYTONIC

Behavior "disnsync" with the ego resulting in guilt.

Inability of the ego to reconcile the demands did the id, the superego, and reality produces conflict that leads to a state of psychic distress and external stress.

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FREUD:
SUPER-EGO

The superego is the moral component of personality. It contains all the moral standards learned from parents and society.

42

FREUD:
PSYCHOSEXUAL STAGES OF DEVELOPMENT.

Believed that personally solidifies during childhood, before the age of 5.

43

FREUD:

FIVE STAGES OF PSYCHOSEXUAL DEVELOPMENT

The oral stage

The anal stage

The phallic stage

The latency stage

The gentian stage