Theories and Models Flashcards Preview

2018 LMSW Exam Study Guide > Theories and Models > Flashcards

Flashcards in Theories and Models Deck (44):

A theory may explain human behavior by describing how humans interact with each other or react to certain stimuli

Developmental theory


A whole comprising component parts that work together. It views human behavior through larger contexts, such as members of families, communities, and broader society

System Theory


This theory provides a theoretical and therapeutic base for dealing with family-related situations, and it's useful in understanding and managing individual problems by determining the extent to which problems are related to family issues

Family theory


This approach argues that to understand a family system, a social worker must look at the family as a whole, rather than focusing on its members. It searches for the causes of behavior in the interactions among the members of a group

Family systems approach


The concept of BLANK refers to the ability of the family system to accomplish the same goals through different routes



The concept of hierarchies described how families organize themselves into various smaller units or BLANK that are comprised by the larger family system



BLANK occurs at every level of family system and between subsystem, and it influences the movement of people and the flow of information into and out of the system.



A social worker initiates what happens during therapy, designs a specific approach for each person's presenting problem, and takes responsibility for directly influencing people. It's active, brief, directive, and task-centered. What family theory is this?

Strategic Family Therapy


What strategic family therapy technique/concept encourages family members to "pretend" and encourage voluntary control of behavior?

Pretend technique


What strategic family therapy technique/concept refers to superficial behavioral changes within a system that do not change the structure of the system?

First-Order Changes


What strategic family therapy technique/concept refers to changes to the systematic interaction pattern so the system is reorganized and functions more effectively?

Second-order changes


What strategic family therapy technique/concept refers to families tend to preserve familiar organization and communication patterns; resistant to change?

Family homeostasis


What strategic family therapy technique/concept refers to changing the label attached to a person or problem from negative to positive so the situation can be perceived differently; and hoped that new responses will evolve?



What strategic family therapy technique/concept prescribe the symptomatic behavior so a client realizes he or she can control it; uses the strength of the resistance to change to move a client toward goals?

Paradoxical directive or instruction


This family approach stresses the importance of family organization for the functioning of the group and the well-being of its members. The social worker "joins" (engages) the family in an effort to restructure it.

Structural family therapy


BLANK boundaries define individual family members and promote their differentiation and autonomous, yet interdependent, functioning.



Restructuring is based on observing and manipulating interactions within therapy sessions, often by BLANK as a way to understand and diagnose the structure

Enactment of situations


This family therapy focuses on improving the intergenerational transmission process rather than symptom reduction.

Boweniam family therapy


What are the eight major theoretical constructs under Bowenian family therapy?

1. Differentiation
2. Emotional fusion
3. Multigenerational transmission
4. Emotional triangle
5. Nuclear family
6. Societal regression
7. Family projection
8. Sibling position


This theoretical constructs under Bowen's theory can be used to explain societal anxieties, and social problems, because Bowen viewed society as a family - an emotional complete with its own multigenerational transmission, chronic anxiety, emotional triangles, cutoff, projection processes, and so on.

Societal regression


This theoretical constructs under Bowen's theory is a factor in determining personality. Where a client is in birth order has an influence on how he orbshe relates to parents and siblings.

Sibling position


This theoretical constructs under Bowen's theory is the most basic unit in the society and there is a concern over the degree to which emotional fusion can occur in a family system.

Nuclear family


This theoretical constructs under Bowen's theory is the network of relationships among three people.

Emotional triangle


This theoretical constructs under Bowen's theory stresses the connection of current generations to past generations as a natural process. It gives the present a context in history.

Multigenerational transmission


This theoretical constructs under Bowen's theory is the counterpart of differentation and refers to the tendency for family members to share an emotional response.

Emotional fusion


This theoretical constructs under Bowen's theory is the core concept of this approach. The more different, the more a client can be an individual while in emotional contract with the family.



BLANK is a method if social work that helped individuals to enhance their social functioning and to cope more effectively with their personal, group, or community problems.

Group work


A treatment approach in which roles are enacted in a group context. Members of the group recreate their problems and devote themselves to the role dilemmas of each member.



What are the 5 stages of group development?

1. Preaffiliation
2. Power and control
3. Intimacy
4. Differentiation
5. Separation/termination


Define this group stage: preaffiliation

Development of trust (known as forming)


Define this group stage: power and control

Struggles for individuals autonomy and group identification aka storming


Define this group stage: intimacy

Utilizing self in service of the group aka norming


Define this group stage: differentiation

Acceptance of each other as distinct individuals aka performing


Define this group stage: separation/termination

Independence aka adjourning


Groups help through....

Installation of hope, universality, altruism, interpersonal learning, self-understanding and insight


What are the eight causes of groupthink?

Illusion of invulnerability
Collective rationalization
Believe in inherent morality
Stereotyped views of those "on the out"
Direct pressure dissenters
Illusion of unanimity
Self-appointed "mindguards"


Creates excessive optimism that encourages taking extreme risks

Illusion of invulnerability


Members discount warnings and do not reconsider their assumptions

Collective rationalization


Members believe in the rightness of their cause and ignore the ethical or moral consequences of their decision

Believe in inherent morality


The negative views of the "enemy" make conflict seem unnecessary

Stereotyped views of those on the out


Members are under pressure not to express arguments against any of the group's views

Direct pressure on dissenters


Doubts and deviations from the perceived group consensus are not expressed



The majority view and judgment are assumed to be unanimous

Illusion of unanimity


Members protect the group and the leader from information that is problematic or contradictory to the group's cohesiveness, views, and/or decisions

Self-appointed "mindguards"