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Flashcards in Theories in Counselling Deck (27)
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1

Psychodynamic Theories


Psychoanalysis

Individual Psychology
Analytic Psychology

2

Psychoanalysis - Theorist

Sigmund Freud

3

Psychoanalysis

to restructure the personality through the resolution of intrapsychic conflicts, Making the unconscious conscious

4

Pschoanalysis - Techniques

• Free Association
• Dream analysis

5

Individual Psychology - Theorist

Alfred Adler

6

Individual Psychology

to gain an understanding of the clients and assess why they behave and think in certain ways.
People, according to Adler, need to be reoriented to be socially interested.

7

Individual Psychology - Techniques

• Style of life analysis
• Spitting in the client’s soup

8

Analytic Psychology - Theorist

Carl Jung

9

Analytic Psychology

aims for individuation and client wholeness (acceptance of one’s over-all personality, the good and bad parts)

10

Analytic Psychology - Techniques

• Dream analyses
• Word association

11

Experiential Theories

Person-centered theory
Gestalt

12

Person-centered theory - Theorist

Carl Rogers

13

Person-centered theory

If some conditions are set in the counseling relationship, then the client can move towards self-actualization. (These conditions are shown in the techniques section)

14

Person-centered theory - Techniques

• Counselor congruence
• Empathic understanding
• Unconditional positive regard

15

Gestalt - Theorist

Fritz & Laura Perls

16

Gestalt

Focuses on the here and now. The goal is awareness on the environment, of responsibility for choices, self, and self-acceptance

17

Gestalt - Techniques

• Empty chair technique
• Assuming responsibility

18

Cognitive-Behavioral Theories

Rational-Emotive Behavior Therapy
Cognitive Therapy
Transactional Analysis

19

Rational-Emotive Behavior Therapy - Theorist

Albert Ellis

20

Rational-Emotive Behavior Therapy

It presupposes that outcomes or feelings are a product of thinking, which when clients have irrational beliefs, they lead to problematic consequences. Uses the ABCDE model (Do additional research for this model)

21

Rational-Emotive Behavior Therapy - Techniques

• Cognitive techniques
• Emotive techniques
• Behavioral techniques

22

Cognitive Therapy - Theorist

Aaron Beck

23

Cognitive Therapy

The focus of this is dysfunctional thoughts. Does not invalidate beliefs like REBT, but just investigates the whether the belief is useful or not.

24

Cognitive Therapy - Techniques

• Decatastrophizing
• Decentering

25

Transactional Analysis - Theorist

Eric Berne

26

Transactional Analysis

Assists clients to become autonomous, self-aware, spontaneous, and have the capacity for intimacy. Assesses transactions between people.

27

Transactional Analysis - Techniques

• Structural analysis
• Transactional analysis