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Flashcards in Third partial Deck (24):
1

What is a political party according to Karen Strom?

Formal organization that seeks benefits derived from public office by gaining representation in duly constituted elections

2

Which are the functions of a political party?

-Candidate nomination
-Electoral mobilization
-Issue structuring
-Social representation & integration
-Interest aggregation
-Forming & sustaining governments

3

What is party discipline?

Politicians following instructions from their party / parliamentary leaders

4

What are treaties?

International agreements concluded between states in written form & governed by international law

5

Which are the two types of treaties?

-Bilateral & multilateral
-Law-making / contractual

6

What is a plenipotentiary?

State representative with "full power" to sign treaty

7

In treaties, what are reservations?

Unilateral statements made by a state when signing a treaty whereby its purports to exclude or modify the legal effect of certain clause

8

What is pacta sunt servanda?

Treaties are binding upon the parties to them & must be performed by them

9

What is non-retroactivity in treaties?

Treaties do not apply to events or acts taking place before the date of their entry in force

10

What is economic integration?

Process whereby countries coordinate and link their economic policies

11

What are alliances according to S. Walt?

Formal or informal commitments for security cooperation between two or more states?

12

What is the purpose of alliances?

To combine the members' capabilities in a way that furthers their respective interests

13

Why do alliances fail?

-Shifts in the balance of power
-Change in beliefs regarding other states' intentions
-New means of protecting interests

14

Why do alliances succeed?

Hegemonic leadership: strong leader interested in maintaining alliance

15

Which are the five characteristics of terrorism?

-Violent
-Political motivation
-Perpetrator
-Victim
-Audience

16

What is terrorism?

The premeditated use or threat to use violence by individual or subnational groups in order to obtain a political or social objective through the intimidation of a large audience beyond that of the immediate victims

17

Which are the two types of terrorism?

Domestic & transnational

18

What is domestic terrorism?

Perpetrators, victims & audience belong to a single country

19

What is transnational terrorism?

Perpetrators, victims & audience from more than one country

20

What is the original aim of NATO?

To contain communism

21

What is NATO?

North Atlantic Treaty Organization; whose main purpose is international security and support

22

What does NATO's Article V consist on?

If any member is attacked or threatened - it's personal against them all

23

What is OAS?

Organization of American States; who aims to establish a military alliance in the American continent

24

Which are some of the OAS' areas of interest?

-Peace & security
-Poverty
-Democracy
-Weapons
-Human rights