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Flashcards in thorax one and 2 Deck (38):
1

which ribs are the true ribs

1-7

2

which ribs are the false ribs

8-10

3

which ribs are the floating ribs

11 and 12

4

which ribs are atypical

1, 2, 10, 11, 12

5

why is rib 1 atypical

articulates only with T1 and doesn't have an angle

6

why is rib 2 atypical

has large tuberosity

7

why is rib 10 atypical

single costovertebral articulation (otherwise typical)

8

why are ribs 11 and 12 atypical

articulates only with corresponding vertebral body, no neck or tubercles

9

what type of sternochondral articulation does rib 1 have

synchondrosis/non-synovial

10

what type of sternochondral articulation do ribs 2-7 have

synovial articulations

11

what are the 3 typical posterior rib articulations

costotransverse and 2 costovertbral joints (superior and inferior)

12

what are the accessory muscles

SCM, scalene, pec major and minor, levator costarum, serrates posterior superior, serratus anterior, iliocostalis, latissimus doors

13

what muscles are involved in active breathing

intercostals internis, rectus abdominis, obliques (internal and external), transverses abdominis

14

which ribs are the pump-handle ribs

primarily ribs 1-5

15

which ribs are the bucket-handle motion ribs

primarily ribs 6-10

16

which ribs are the caliper motion ribs

primarily ribs 11 & 12

17

what plane are the bucket handle ribs mostly moving in

coronal plane

18

what axis are the bucket handle ribs moving in

costovertebral-costosternal line

19

what axis do the caliper-motion ribs move in

vertical line axis

20

what plan do the caliper motion ribs move in

horizontal plane

21

what are the borders of the anatomical inlet

manubrium, 1st rib bilaterally and T1

22

what are the borders of the functional inlet

manubrium with angle of louis, first 2 ribs bilaterally and T1-4

23

what are the borders of the thoracic outlet

clavicle, 1st ribs and scapula

24

what rib is at the midclavicular line for the lung and the parietal pleura

lung is 6th rib and parietal pleura is 8th rib

25

what rib is at the midaxillary line for the lung and the parietal pleura

lung is at 8th rib and parietal pleura is at 10th rib

26

what rib is at the midscapular line for the lung and the parietal pleura

lung is at 10th rib and parietal pleura is at 12th rib (and 12th thoracic vertebra)

27

what emotions are important for influencing the cerebral cortex

anger, fear, anxiety

28

what is the major visceral motor control center

hypothalamus

29

what do the midbrain, pons and medulla oblongata contain nuclei for

cardiac and vasomotor control, salivation, swallowing, sweating, bladder control and pupillary changes

30

compare pre and post ganglia in sympathetic and parasympathetic

sympathetic has short pre and long post; parasympathetic has long pre and short post

31

what are the sympathetic levels for the Upper GI tract

T5-T9

32

what are the sympathetic levels for the middle GI tract

T10-T11

33

what are the sympathetic levels for lower GI tract

T12-L2

34

what are the sympathetic levels for the head and neck

T1-4

35

what are the sympathetic levels for the heart

T2-T5

36

what are the sympathetic levels for the respiratory

T2-T7

37

what are the sympathetic levels for the esophagus

T2-8

38

what is the name of palpable vibrations that transmit from the bronchopulmonary tree to the chest wall with speech

Tactile fremitus