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Flashcards in Tile Deck (21)
1

surfacing unit, thin.

made from clay, or mix clay/other ceramic.
glazed or unglazed.

fired above red heat, produce specific physical characteristics.

ceramic tile:

2

glazed or unglazed,
usually ≥ 6in2,
made by extruding natural clay or shale.

quarry tile:

3

formed by either dust-pressed or extrusion.
1/4in to 3/8in thick,
facial area ≤ 6in2.

ceramic mosaic tile:

4

process:
large presses shape dry clay.

dust-pressing

5

machines cut from wetter, more malleable clay,
extruded through a die.

extrusion

6

classification:
in US, based on

size

7

classification:
imported tile, based on

production method,
water absorption,
finish,
glazed/unglazed.

8

4 US classifications:

mosaic: < 6sqin
wall tile: > 6sqin
quarry tile: extrusion
paver tile: dust-pressed and > 6sqin.

9

tiles often classified by resistance to

water

10

nonvitreous:

absorption >7%.

11

semivitreous:

>3% but <7%.

12

vitreous:

>0.5% but <3%.

13

impervious:

≤0.5%

14

classifications of abrasion:
group I–groupIV

group I: light residential
group II: moderate residential,
group III: maximum residential,
group IV: highest abrasion resistance, commercial.

15

tile size and shape:
ceramic tile nominal thickness

¼”

16

tile face size and shape:
ceramic tile

1x1’, 2x2’, sometimes 2x1’ and hexagon shapes.

17

tile face size and shape:
glazed tile

standard nominal sizes: 4 ¼x4 ¼, 6x4 ¼, 6x6.

18

tile size and shape:
glazed tile nominal thickness

¼” or 5/16”.

19

glazed tile shapes:

cove base
bullnose
inside/outside corners

20

quarry tile: thickness

1/2"

21

quarry tile: standard nominal sizes

3x3, 4x4, 6x6, 8x8, 8x4, 6x3.